PDA

View Full Version : ORV Laws



Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:21 PM
324.81133 Operation of ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#2); prohibited acts.

Sec. 81133.

A person shall not operate an ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#3):

(a) At a rate of speed greater than is reasonable and proper, or in a careless manner having due regard for conditions then existing.

(b) Unless the person and any passenger in or on the vehicle is wearing on his or her head a crash helmet and protective eyewear approved by the United States department of transportation. This subdivision does not apply if the vehicle is equipped with a roof that meets or exceeds standards for a crash helmet and the operator and each passenger is wearing a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt.

(c) During the hours of 1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise without displaying a lighted headlight and lighted taillight.

(d) Unless equipped with a braking system that may be operated by hand or foot, capable of producing deceleration at 14 feet per second on level ground at a speed of 20 miles per hour; a brake light, brighter than the taillight, visible when the brake is activated to the rear of the vehicle when the vehicle is operated during the hours of 1/2 hour after sunset and 1/2 hour before sunrise; and a throttle so designed that when the pressure used to advance the throttle is removed, the engine speed will immediately and automatically return to idle.

(e) In a state game area or state park or recreation area, except on roads, trails, or areas designated for this purpose; on state owned lands under the control of the department other than game areas, state parks, or recreational areas where the operation would be in violation of rules promulgated by the department; in a forest nursery or planting area; on public lands posted or reasonably identifiable as an area of forest reproduction, and when growing stock may be damaged; in a dedicated natural area of the department; or in any area in such a manner as to create an erosive condition, or to injure, damage, or destroy trees or growing crops. However, the department may permit an owner and guests of the owner to use an ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#4) within the boundaries of a state forest in order to access the owner's property.

(f) On the frozen surface of public waters within 100 feet of a person not in or upon a vehicle, or within 100 feet of a fishing shanty or shelter or an area that is cleared of snow for skating purposes, except at the minimum speed required to maintain controlled forward movement of the vehicle, or as may be authorized by permit in special events.

(g) Unless the vehicle is equipped with a spark arrester type United States forest service approved muffler, in good working order and in constant operation. Exhaust noise emission shall not exceed 86 Db(A) or 82 Db(A) on a vehicle manufactured after January 1, 1986, when the vehicle is under full throttle, traveling in second gear, and measured 50 feet at right angles from the vehicle path with a sound level meter which meets the requirement of ANSI S1.4 1983, using procedure and ancillary equipment therein described; or 99 Db(A) or 94 Db(A) on a vehicle manufactured after January 1, 1986, or that level comparable to the current sound level as provided for by the United States environmental protection agency when tested according to the provisions of the current SAE J1287, June 86 test procedure for exhaust levels of stationary motorcycles, using sound level meters and ancillary equipment therein described. A vehicle subject to this part, manufactured or assembled after December 31, 1972 and used, sold, or offered for sale in this state, shall conform to the noise emission levels established by the United States environmental protection agency under the noise control act of 1972, Public Law 92-574, 86 Stat. 1234.

(h) Within 100 feet of a dwelling at a speed greater than the minimum required to maintain controlled forward movement of the vehicle, except on property owned or under the operator's control or on which the operator is an invited guest, or on a roadway, forest road, or forest trail maintained by or under the jurisdiction of the department, or on an ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#5) access route as authorized by local ordinance.

(i) In or upon the lands of another without the written consent of the owner, owner's agent or lessee, when required by part 731. The operator of the vehicle is liable for damage to private property, including, but not limited to, damage to trees, shrubs, growing crops, or injury to living creatures or damage caused through vehicle operation in a manner so as to create erosive or other ecological damage to private property. The owner of the private property may recover from the person responsible nominal damages of not less than the amount of damage or injury. Failure to post private property or fence or otherwise enclose in a manner to exclude intruders or of the private property owner or other authorized person to personally communicate against trespass does not imply consent to ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#6) use.

(j) In an area on which public hunting is permitted during the regular November firearm deer season from 7 a.m. to 11 a.m. and from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m., except during an emergency or for law enforcement purposes, to go to and from a permanent residence or a hunting camp otherwise inaccessible by a conventional wheeled vehicle, to remove a deer, elk, or bear from public land which has been taken under a valid license; or except for the conduct of necessary work functions involving land and timber survey, communication and transmission line patrol, and timber harvest operations; or on property owned or under control of the operator or on which the operator is an invited guest. A hunter removing game pursuant to this subdivision shall be allowed to leave the designated trail or forest road only to retrieve the game and shall not exceed 5 miles per hour. A vehicle registered under the code is exempt from this subdivision while operating on a public highway or public or private road capable of sustaining automobile traffic. A person holding a valid permit to hunt from a standing vehicle issued pursuant to part 401, or a person with disabilities using an ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#7) to access public lands for purposes of hunting or fishing through use of a designated trail or forest road, is exempt from this subdivision.

(k) While transporting on the vehicle a bow unless unstrung or encased, or a firearm unless unloaded and securely encased, or equipped with and made inoperative by a manufactured keylocked trigger housing mechanism.

(l) On or across a cemetery or burial ground, or land used as an airport.

(m) Within 100 feet of a slide, ski, or skating area, unless the vehicle is being used for the purpose of servicing the area.

(n) On an operating or nonabandoned railroad or railroad right-of-way, or public utility right-of-way, other than for the purpose of crossing at a clearly established site intended for vehicular traffic, except railroad, public utility, or law enforcement personnel while in performance of their duties, and except if the right-of-way is designated as established in section 81127.

(o) In or upon the waters of any stream, river, bog, wetland, swamp, marsh, or quagmire except over a bridge, culvert, or similar structure.

(p) To hunt, pursue, worry, kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, worry, or kill a bird or animal, wild or domesticated.

(q) In a manner so as to leave behind litter or other debris.

(r) In a manner contrary to operating regulations on public lands.

(s) While transporting or possessing, in or on the vehicle, alcoholic liquor in a container that is open or uncapped or upon which the seal is broken, except under either of the following circumstances:

(i) The container is in a trunk or compartment separate from the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

(ii) If the vehicle does not have a trunk or compartment separate from the passenger compartment, the container is encased or enclosed.

(t) While transporting any passenger in or upon an ORV (http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv#8) unless the manufacturing standards for the vehicle make provisions for transporting passengers.

"see next post for more of Prohibited acts"

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:24 PM
Prohibited acts continued...

(u) On adjacent private land, in an area zoned residential, within 300 feet of a dwelling at a speed greater than the minimum required to maintain controlled forward movement of the vehicle except on a roadway, forest road, or forest trail maintained by or under the jurisdiction of the department, or on an ORV access route as authorized by local ordinance.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81133&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



FIREARMS (EXCERPT)
Act 372 of 1927

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-28-425b&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



USE TAX ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 94 of 1937



205.93 Tax rate; penalties and interest; presumption; collection; price tax base; exemptions; services, information, or records; applicability.


Sec. 3.

(1) There is levied upon and there shall be collected from every person in this state a specific tax for the privilege of using, storing, or consuming tangible personal property in this state at a rate equal to 6% of the price of the property or services specified in section 3a or 3b. Penalties and interest shall be added to the tax if applicable as provided in this act. For the purpose of the proper administration of this act and to prevent the evasion of the tax, all of the following shall be presumed:

(a) That tangible personal property purchased is subject to the tax if brought into this state within 90 days of the purchase date and is considered as acquired for storage, use, or other consumption in this state.

(b) That tangible personal property used solely for personal, nonbusiness purposes that is purchased outside of this state and that is not an aircraft is exempt from the tax levied under this act if 1 or more of the following conditions are satisfied:

(i) The property is purchased by a person who is not a resident of this state at the time of purchase and is brought into this state more than 90 days after the date of purchase.

(ii) The property is purchased by a person who is a resident of this state at the time of purchase and is brought into this state more than 360 days after the date of purchase.

(2) The tax imposed by this section for the privilege of using, storing, or consuming a vehicle, ORV, manufactured housing, aircraft, snowmobile, or watercraft shall be collected before the transfer of the vehicle, ORV, manufactured housing, aircraft, snowmobile, or watercraft, except a transfer to a licensed dealer or retailer for purposes of resale that arises by reason of a transaction made by a person who does not transfer vehicles, ORVs, manufactured housing, aircraft, snowmobiles, or watercraft in the ordinary course of his or her business done in this state. The tax on a vehicle, ORV, snowmobile, and watercraft shall be collected by the secretary of state before the transfer of the vehicle, ORV, snowmobile, or watercraft registration. The tax on manufactured housing shall be collected by the department of consumer and industry services, mobile home commission, or its agent before the transfer of the certificate of title. The tax on an aircraft shall be collected by the department of treasury. The price tax base of a new or previously owned car or truck held for resale by a dealer and that is not exempt under section 4(1)(c) is the purchase price of the car or truck multiplied by 2.5% plus $30.00 per month beginning with the month that the dealer uses the car or truck in a nonexempt manner.

(3) The following transfers or purchases are not subject to use tax:

(a) A transaction or a portion of a transaction if the transferee or purchaser is the spouse, mother, father, brother, sister, child, stepparent, stepchild, stepbrother, stepsister, grandparent, grandchild, legal ward, or a legally appointed guardian with a certified letter of guardianship, of the transferor.

(b) A transaction or a portion of a transaction if the transfer is a gift to a beneficiary in the administration of an estate.

(c) If a vehicle, ORV, manufactured housing, aircraft, snowmobile, or watercraft that has once been subjected to the Michigan sales or use tax is transferred in connection with the organization, reorganization, dissolution, or partial liquidation of an incorporated or unincorporated business and the beneficial ownership is not changed.

(d) If an insurance company licensed to conduct business in this state acquires ownership of a late model distressed vehicle as defined in section 12a of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.12a, through payment of damages in response to a claim or when the person who owned the vehicle before the insurance company reacquires ownership from the company as part of the settlement of a claim.

(4) The department may utilize the services, information, or records of any other department or agency of state government in the performance of its duties under this act, and other departments or agencies of state government are required to furnish those services, information, or records upon the request of the department.

(5) Any decrease in the rate of the tax levied under subsection (1) on services subject to tax under this act shall apply only to billings rendered on or after the effective date of the decrease.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-205-93&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv




USE TAX ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 94 of 1937


205.94g Exemption of property purchased as part of purchase or transfer of business; exceptions; definition.

Sec. 4g.

(1) The tax levied shall not apply to property purchased from a seller or transferor if the property is part of the purchase or transfer of a business.

(2) The exemption provided by this section shall not apply to all of the following:

(a) The purchase or transfer of tangible personal property that is stock-in-trade or other property of a kind which would properly be included in the inventory of the seller or transferor if on hand at the close of the seller's or transferor's tax period or property held by the seller or transferor for sale to customers in the ordinary course of its trade or business.

(b) The purchase or transfer of a motor vehicle, ORV, mobile home, aircraft, snowmobile, or watercraft.

(3) As used in this section, “purchase or transfer of a business” means 1 or more of the following:

(a) The purchaser or transferee has acquired and intends to use the seller's or transferor's trade name or good will.

(b) The purchaser or transferee intends to continue all or part of the business of the seller or transferor at the same location or at another location.

(c) The purchaser or transferee acquired at least 75% of the seller's or transferor's tangible personal property at 1 or more of the seller's or transferor's business locations.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-205-94g&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



STREAMLINED SALES AND USE TAX REVENUE EQUALIZATION ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 175 of 2004


205.179 Storing, registering, or transferring ownership of vehicle; tax; exemption; credit.

Sec. 9.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), there is levied upon and there shall be collected from every person in this state a specific tax on the privilege of storing, registering, or transferring ownership of any vehicle other than a vehicle stored, registered, or transferred by a new or used vehicle dealer licensed by the department of state, ORV, manufactured housing, aircraft other than a qualified aircraft under section 11, snowmobile, or watercraft in this state at a rate of 6% of the retail dollar value at the time of acquisition as determined by the department of treasury. The tax shall be paid by the transferee. The tax on a vehicle, ORV, snowmobile, and watercraft shall be collected by the secretary of state before the transfer of the vehicle, ORV, snowmobile, or watercraft registration. The tax on an aircraft shall be paid to the department. The tax on manufactured housing shall be collected by the department of consumer and industry services, mobile home commission, or its agent before the transfer of the certificate of title.

(2) A transfer for purposes of resale or a transfer that is exempt under any other exemption under the use tax act is exempt from the tax levied under subsection (1). A transfer subject to tax under the general sales tax act is exempt from the tax levied under subsection (1).

(3) A credit against the tax levied under subsection (1) is allowed for an amount equal to any use tax paid by the taxpayer on the same property. The credit under this section shall not exceed the tax imposed by this act.


History: 2004, Act 175, Eff. Sept. 1, 2004

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-205-179&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:30 PM
MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT)
Act 300 of 1949


257.320a Recording date of conviction, civil infraction determination, or probate court disposition and number of points; formula; interview; violation committed in another state.
Sec. 320a.

(1) Until October 1, 2005, within 10 days after the receipt of a properly prepared abstract from this state or another state, or, beginning October 1, 2005, within 5 days after the receipt of a properly prepared abstract from this state or another state, the secretary of state shall record the date of conviction, civil infraction determination, or probate court disposition, and the number of points for each, based on the following formula, except as otherwise provided in this section and section 629c:


(a) Manslaughter, negligent homicide, or a
felony resulting from the operation of a motor
vehicle, ORV, or snowmobile............................6 points
(b) A violation of section 601b(2) or (3),
601c(1) or (2), or 653a(3) or (4)......................6 points
(c) A violation of section 625(1), (4), (5),
(7), or (8), section 81134 or 82127(1) of the
natural resources and environmental protection act,
1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81134 and 324.82127, or a law or
ordinance substantially corresponding to section
625(1), (4), (5), (7), or (8) or section 81134
or 82127(1) of the natural resources and
environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451,
MCL 324.81134 and 324.82127............................6 points
(d) Failing to stop and disclose identity
at the scene of an accident when required by law.......6 points
(e) Operating a motor vehicle in violation
of section 626.........................................6 points
(f) Fleeing or eluding an officer.................6 points
(g) A violation of section 627(9) pertaining
to speed in a work zone described in that section
by exceeding the lawful maximum by more than
15 miles per hour......................................5 points
(h) A violation of any law other than the
law described in subdivision (g) or ordinance
pertaining to speed by exceeding the lawful
maximum by more than 15 miles per hour.................4 points
(i) A violation of section 625(3) or (6),
section 81135 or 82127(3) of the natural
resources and environmental protection act,
1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81135 and 324.82127,
or a law or ordinance substantially corresponding
to section 625(3) or (6) or section 81135
or 82127(3) of the natural resources and
environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451,
MCL 324.81135 and 324.82127............................4 points
(j) A violation of section 626a or a law
or ordinance substantially corresponding to
section 626a...........................................4 points
(k) A violation of section 653a(2)................4 points
(l) A violation of section 627(9) pertaining
to speed in a work zone described in that section
by exceeding the lawful maximum by more than 10
but not more than 15 miles per hour....................4 points
(m) A violation of any law other than the
law described in subdivision (l) or ordinance
pertaining to speed by exceeding the lawful
maximum by more than 10 but not more than 15
miles per hour or careless driving in violation
of section 626b or a law or ordinance substantially
corresponding to section 626b..........................3 points
(n) A violation of section 627(9) pertaining
to speed in a work zone described in that section
by exceeding the lawful maximum by 10 miles per
hour or less...........................................3 points
(o) A violation of any law other than the law
described in subdivision (n) or ordinance pertaining
to speed by exceeding the lawful maximum
by 10 miles per hour or less...........................2 points
(p) Disobeying a traffic signal or stop sign,
or improper passing....................................3 points
(q) A violation of section 624a, 624b, or a law
or ordinance substantially corresponding to
section 624a or 624b...................................2 points
(r) A violation of section 310e(4) or (6) or
a law or ordinance substantially corresponding to
section 310e(4) or (6).................................2 points
(s) All other moving violations pertaining to
the operation of motor vehicles reported under
this section........................................... 2 points
(t) A refusal by a person less than 21 years of
age to submit to a preliminary breath test required
by a peace officer under section 625a..................2 points

(2) Points shall not be entered for a violation of section 310e(14), 311, 625m, 658, 717, 719, 719a, or 723.

(3) Points shall not be entered for bond forfeitures.

(4) Points shall not be entered for overweight loads or for defective equipment.

(5) If more than 1 conviction, civil infraction determination, or probate court disposition results from the same incident, points shall be entered only for the violation that receives the highest number of points under this section.

(6) If a person has accumulated 9 points as provided in this section, the secretary of state may call the person in for an interview as to the person's driving ability and record after due notice as to time and place of the interview. If the person fails to appear as provided in this subsection, the secretary of state shall add 3 points to the person's record.

(7) If a person violates a speed restriction established by an executive order issued during a state of energy emergency as provided by 1982 PA 191, MCL 10.81 to 10.89, the secretary of state shall enter points for the violation pursuant to subsection (1).

(8) The secretary of state shall enter 6 points upon the record of a person whose license is suspended or denied pursuant to section 625f. However, if a conviction, civil infraction determination, or probate court disposition results from the same incident, additional points for that offense shall not be entered.

(9) If a Michigan driver commits a violation in another state that would be a civil infraction if committed in Michigan, and a conviction results solely because of the failure of the Michigan driver to appear in that state to contest the violation, upon receipt of the abstract of conviction by the secretary of state, the violation shall be noted on the driver's record, but no points shall be assessed against his or her driver's license.

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:30 PM
MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT)
Act 300 of 1949


257.732a Driver responsibility fee; assessment; notice; payment by installment; failure to pay fee; fire protection fund; creation; disposition of funds; transmission of funds to state treasurer; appropriation.

Sec. 732a.

(1) An individual, whether licensed or not, who accumulates 7 or more points on his or her driving record pursuant to sections 320a and 629c within a 2-year period for any violation not listed under subsection (2) shall be assessed a $100.00 driver responsibility fee. For each additional point accumulated above 7 points not listed under subsection (2), an additional fee of $50.00 shall be assessed. The secretary of state shall collect the fees described in this subsection once each year that the point total on an individual driving record is 7 points or more.

(2) An individual, whether licensed or not, who violates any of the following sections or another law or local ordinance that substantially corresponds to those sections shall be assessed a driver responsibility fee as follows:

(a) Upon posting of an abstract that an individual has been found guilty for a violation of law listed or described in this subdivision, the secretary of state shall assess a $1,000.00 driver responsibility fee each year for 2 consecutive years:

(i) Manslaughter, negligent homicide, or a felony resulting from the operation of a motor vehicle, ORV, or snowmobile.

(ii) Section 601b(2) or (3), 601c(1) or (2), or 653a(3) or (4).

(iii) Section 625(1), (4), or (5), section 625m, or section 81134 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81134, or a law or ordinance substantially corresponding to section 625(1), (4), or (5), section 625m, or section 81134 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81134.

(iv) Failing to stop and disclose identity at the scene of an accident when required by law.

(v) Fleeing or eluding an officer.

(b) Upon posting of an abstract that an individual has been found guilty for a violation of law listed in this subdivision, the secretary of state shall assess a $500.00 driver responsibility fee each year for 2 consecutive years:

(i) Section 625(3), (6), (7), or (8).

(ii) Section 626.

(iii) Section 904.

(iv) Section 3101, 3102(1), or 3103 of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.3101, 500.3102, and 500.3103.

(c) Upon posting of an abstract that an individual has been found guilty for a violation of section 301, the secretary of state shall assess a $150.00 driver responsibility fee each year for 2 consecutive years.

(d) Subject to subsection (8), upon posting of an abstract that an individual has been found guilty or determined responsible for a violation listed in section 328, the secretary of state shall assess a $200.00 driver responsibility fee each year for 2 consecutive years.

(3) The secretary of state shall send a notice of the driver responsibility assessment, as prescribed under subsection (1) or (2), to the individual by regular mail to the address on the records of the secretary of state. If payment is not received within 30 days after the notice is mailed, the secretary of state shall send a second notice that indicates that if payment is not received within the next 30 days, the driver's driving privileges will be suspended.

(4) The secretary of state may authorize payment by installment for an amount of $500.00 or more for a period not to exceed 12 months.

(5) If payment is not received or an installment plan is not established after the time limit required by the second notice prescribed under subsection (3) expires, the secretary of state shall suspend the driving privileges until the assessment and any other fees prescribed under this act are paid.

(6) A fee shall not be assessed under this section for 7 points or more on a driving record on October 1, 2003. Points assigned after October 1, 2003 shall be assessed as prescribed under subsections (1) and (2).

(7) A driver responsibility fee shall be assessed under this section in the same manner for a conviction or determination of responsibility for a violation or an attempted violation of a law of this state, of a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or of a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state.

(8) Not more than 60 days after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subsection, if an individual who was issued a citation for a violation of section 328(1) for failing to produce a certificate of insurance from October 1, 2003 until the date the amendatory act that added this subsection takes effect presents a certificate of insurance that was in effect at the time the individual was issued the citation to the court that forwarded the abstract, the court shall rescind the abstract. After the court rescinds the abstract as described in this subsection, the court shall notify the secretary of state, which shall refund, waive, or both refund and waive the driver responsibility fee corresponding to the violation, as appropriate.

(9) The fire protection fund is created within the state treasury. The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the fund interest and earnings from fund investments. Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the general fund. The department of consumer and industry services shall expend money from the fund, upon appropriation, only for fire protection grants to cities, villages, and townships with state owned facilities for fire services, as provided in 1977 PA 289, MCL 141.951 to 141.956.

(10) The secretary of state shall transmit the fees collected under this section to the state treasurer. The state treasurer shall credit fee money received under this section in each fiscal year as follows:

(a) The first $65,000,000.00 shall be credited to the general fund.

(b) If more than $65,000,000.00 is collected under this section, the next amount collected in excess of $65,000,000.00 up to $68,500,000.00 shall be credited to the fire protection fund created in this section.

(c) If more than $100,000,000.00 is collected under this section, the next amount collected in excess of $100,000,000.00 up to $105,000,000.00 shall be credited to the fire protection fund created in this section.

(d) Any amount collected after crediting the amounts under subdivisions (a), (b), and (c) shall be credited to the general fund.

(11) For fiscal year 2003-2004, $3,500,000.00 is appropriated from the fire protection fund described in subsection (9) to the department of consumer and industry services for the purposes described under subsection (9).

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:33 PM
NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 451 of 1994


324.71101 Definitions.
Sec. 71101.

As used in this part:

(a) "Associated facilities" means restrooms, shelters, campgrounds, and parking lots directly related to trails or waterways projects.


(b) "Off-road vehicle" means ORV as it is defined in part 811, which is required to be registered under part 811.

(c) "Off-road vehicle account" means the off-road vehicle account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2015.

(d) "Recreation improvement account" means the recreation improvement account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2020.

(e) "Recreational projects" means, in addition to the activities provided for in this part, the construction, maintenance, and operation of trails and associated facilities that may be used by off-road vehicles, cross-country skiers, horseback riders, and hikers, and inland lake cleanup grants as provided by part 309.

(f) "Snowmobile account" means the snowmobile account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2025.

(g) "Vessel" means all watercraft except the following:

(i) Watercraft used for commercial fishing.

(ii) Watercraft used by the sea scout department of the boy scouts of America chiefly for training scouts in seamanship.

(iii) Watercraft owned by this state, any political subdivision of this state, or the federal government.

(iv) Watercraft when used in interstate or foreign commerce and watercraft used or owned by any railroad company or railroad car ferry company.

(v) Watercraft when used in trade, including watercraft when used in connection with an activity that constitutes a person's chief business or means of livelihood.

(h) "Watercraft" means any contrivance that is used or designed for navigation on water, including, but not limited to, any vessel, ship, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery, motorboat, sailboat, barge, scow, tugboat, and rowboat, but does not include watercraft used or owned by the United States.

(i) "Waterways account" means the waterways account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2035.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-71101&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81101 Definitions.
Sec. 81101.

As used in this part:

(a) "ATV" means a 3- or 4-wheeled vehicle designed for off-road use that has low-pressure tires, has a seat designed to be straddled by the rider, and is powered by a 50cc to 500cc gasoline engine or an engine of comparable size using other fuels.

(b) "Code" means the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1 to 257.923.

(c) "Dealer" means a person engaged in the sale, lease, or rental of an ORV as a regular business or, for purposes of selling licenses under section 81116, any other person authorized by the department to sell licenses or permits, or both, under this act.

(d) "Designated", unless the context implies otherwise, means posted open for ORV use with appropriate signs by the department.

(e) "Forest road" means a hard surfaced road, gravel or dirt road, or other route capable of travel by a 2-wheel drive, 4-wheel conventional vehicle designed for highway use, except an interstate, state, or county highway.

(f) "Forest trail" means a designated path or way capable of travel only by a vehicle less than 50 inches in width.

(g) "Highway" means the entire width between the boundary lines of a way publicly maintained when any part of the way is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.

(h) "Highly restricted personal information" means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information.

(i) "Late model ORV" means an ORV manufactured in the current model year or the 5 model years immediately preceding the current model year.

(j) "Manufacturer" means a person, partnership, corporation, or association engaged in the production and manufacture of ORVs as a regular business.

(k) "Off-road vehicle account" means the off-road vehicle account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2015.

(l) "Operate" means to ride in or on, and be in actual physical control of, the operation of an ORV.

(m) "Operator" means a person who operates or is in actual physical control of the operation of an ORV.

(n) "ORV" or "vehicle" means a motor driven off-road recreation vehicle capable of cross-country travel without benefit of a road or trail, on or immediately over land, snow, ice, marsh, swampland, or other natural terrain. ORV or vehicle includes, but is not limited to, a multitrack or multiwheel drive vehicle, an ATV, a motorcycle or related 2-wheel, 3-wheel, or 4-wheel vehicle, an amphibious machine, a ground effect air cushion vehicle, or other means of transportation deriving motive power from a source other than muscle or wind. ORV or vehicle does not include a registered snowmobile, a farm vehicle being used for farming, a vehicle used for military, fire, emergency, or law enforcement purposes, a vehicle owned and operated by a utility company or an oil or gas company when performing maintenance on its facilities or on property over which it has an easement, a construction or logging vehicle used in performance of its common function, or a registered aircraft.

(o) "Owner" means any of the following:

(i) A vendee or lessee of an ORV which is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease of the ORV, with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement, and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee.

(ii) A person renting an ORV, or having the exclusive use of an ORV, for more than 30 days.

(iii) A person who holds legal ownership of an ORV.

(p) "Person with disabilities" means a person who has 1 or more of the following physical characteristics:

(i) Blindness.

(ii) Inability to ambulate more than 200 feet without having to stop and rest during any time of the year.

(iii) Loss of use of 1 or both legs or feet.

(iv) Inability to ambulate without the prolonged use of a wheelchair, walker, crutches, braces, or other device required to aid mobility.

(v) A lung disease from which the person's expiratory volume for 1 second, when measured by spirometry, is less than 1 liter, or from which the person's arterial oxygen tension is less than 60 mm/hg of room air at rest.

(vi) A cardiovascular disease from which the person measures between 3 and 4 on the New York heart classification scale, or from which a marked limitation of physical activity causes fatigue, palpitation, dyspnea, or anginal pain.

(vii) Other diagnosed disease or disorder including, but not limited to, severe arthritis or a neurological or orthopedic impairment that creates a severe mobility limitation.

(q) "Personal information" means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number, but does not include information on ORV operation or equipment-related violations or civil infractions, operator or vehicle registration status, accidents, or other behaviorally-related information.

(r) "Public agency" means the department or a local or federal unit of government.

(s) "Roadway" means that portion of a highway improved, designated, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. If a highway includes 2 or more separate roadways, the term roadway refers to a roadway separately, but not to all roadways collectively.

(t) "Route" means a forest road or other road that is designated for purposes of this part by the department.


(u) "Safety chief instructor" means a person who has been certified by a nationally recognized ATV and ORV organization to certify instructors and to do on-sight evaluations of instructors.


(v) "Visual supervision" means the direct observation of the operator with the unaided or normally corrected eye, where the observer is able to come to the immediate aid of the operator.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81101&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:38 PM
324.81102 Vehicles exempt from licensure provisions.

Sec. 81102.

(1) A vehicle registered under the code or a vehicle registered under part 801 is exempt from the licensure provisions of this part, unless the vehicle is operated as an ORV off highways, roadways, streets, and forest roads.

(2) An ORV operated solely on private property by the owner of the property, a family member of the owner, or an invited guest of the owner is exempt from the licensure provisions of this part.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81102&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv





324.81103 ORV; certificate of title generally.

Sec. 81103.

(1) After April 1, 1991, every ORV sold by a dealer to a retail purchaser shall be subject to the certificate of title provisions of this part.

(2) After April 1, 1991, a person who purchases or otherwise acquires an ORV shall make application for a certificate of title as provided in this part.

(3) After April 1, 1991, the owner of an ORV that has not been titled pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) or the code may apply for and, if otherwise eligible, receive a certificate of title issued under this part. If the ORV was previously titled under the code, it is not eligible for titling under this part.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81103&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:50 PM
324.81104 Application for title to ORV under code.

Sec. 81104.

The owner of an ORV that has been and is titled under this part may, if the ORV is otherwise eligible, apply for a title to the ORV under the code. If the owner applies for a title under the code, the title issued under this part shall at that time be surrendered to the department of state.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81104&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81105 ORV; sale or assignment of ownership; purchase or acquisition; requirements.

Sec. 81105.

After an ORV has been titled under this part, both of the following shall occur:

(a) The owner, except as provided in section 81104, shall not sell or otherwise assign ownership in the ORV without delivering to the transferee a certificate of title showing assignment of the ORV in the transferee's name.

(b) A person shall not purchase or otherwise acquire an ORV without obtaining a certificate of title to it in the person's name pursuant to either this part or the code.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81105&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81106 ORV exempt from §§ 257.1101 to 257.1133 and §§ 500.3101 to 500.3179.

Sec. 81106.

An ORV is exempt from the motor vehicle accident claims act, Act No. 198 of the Public Acts of 1965, being sections 257.1101 to 257.1133 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and from sections 3101 to 3179 of the insurance code of 1956, Act No. 218 of the Public Acts of 1956, being sections 500.3101 to 500.3179 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81106&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:56 PM
324.81107 Manufacturer's certificate of origin.

Sec. 81107.

(1) A person shall not sell or otherwise transfer an ORV to a dealer, to be used by the dealer for purposes of display and resale, without delivering to the dealer a manufacturer's certificate of origin executed in accordance with this section. A dealer shall not purchase or otherwise acquire a new ORV without obtaining a manufacturer's certificate of origin.

(2) A manufacturer's certificate of origin shall contain the following information:

(a) A description of the ORV, including year, make, model or series, and vehicle identification number.

(b) Certification of the date of the transfer of the ORV to the dealer.

(c) The dealer's name and address.

(d) Certification that this transaction is the first transfer of the new ORV in ordinary commerce.

(e) The transferor's signature and address.

(3) An assignment of a manufacturer's certificate of origin shall be printed on the reverse side of the certificate. The assignment shall include the name and address of the transferee, a certification that the ORV is new, and a warranty that the title at the time of delivery is subject only to the secured interests set forth in the assignment.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81107&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81108 Application for ORV certificate of title; form; contents; security agreement; perfection of security interest.
Sec. 81108.

(1) An application for an ORV certificate of title shall be on a form prescribed by the department of state. The application shall be certified by the owner or purchaser and shall contain, in addition to other information required by the department of state, the following information:

(a) The applicant's name and address.

(b) A statement of any security interest or other liens on the ORV, along with the name and address of any lienholder.

(c) If a lien is not outstanding, a statement of that fact.

(d) A description of the ORV, including the year, make, model or series, and vehicle identification number.

(2) An application for an ORV certificate of title that indicates the existence of a security interest in the ORV shall, if requested by the security interest holder, be accompanied by a copy of the security agreement, which may be unsigned. The department of state shall indicate on the copy the date and place of filing and shall return the copy to the person who filed the application. The filer shall forward the copy to the security interest holder identified in the application.

(3) Receipt by the secretary of state of a properly tendered application for an ORV certificate of title that indicates the existence of a security interest in the ORV is a condition of perfection of a security interest in the ORV and is equivalent to filing a financing statement under the uniform commercial code, 1962 PA 174, MCL 440.1101 to 440.11102, with respect to the ORV. When a security interest in an ORV is perfected, it has priority over the rights of a lien creditor as lien creditor is defined in section 9102 of the uniform commercial code, 1962 PA 174, MCL 440.9102.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81108&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 06:58 PM
324.81109 Making application to department of state for issuance of ORV certificate of title.

Sec. 81109.

(1) The purchaser or other transferee of an ORV subject to the titling provisions of this part shall, except as provided in subsection (2), make application to the department of state for issuance of a certificate of title to the ORV. The application shall be filed within 15 days after the date of purchase or transfer.

(2) A dealer selling ORVs at retail, within 15 days after delivering an ORV to a retail purchaser, shall make application for issuance of an ORV certificate of title in the purchaser's name. The purchaser of the ORV shall sign the application and other papers necessary to enable the dealer to secure the title from the department of state. If the ORV was not previously titled, the application shall be accompanied by a manufacturer's certificate of origin.

(3) At the request of the applicant, the department of state shall process an application for an ORV certificate of title on an expedited basis.

(4) An application filed with the department of state pursuant to this section shall be accompanied by the fee or fees prescribed in section 81110.

(5) Beginning January 1, 1992, a person who violates this section is responsible for a state civil infraction and may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $100.00.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81109&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81110 Fee for processing application for ORV certificate of title.
Sec. 81110.

(1) The department of state shall charge a fee of $11.00 for processing an application for an ORV certificate of title or a duplicate ORV certificate of title. The department of state shall charge an additional fee of $5.00 for processing an application on an expedited basis.

(2) If a check or draft in payment of a required fee is not paid on its first presentation, the fee is delinquent as of the date the check or draft was tendered. The person tendering the check or draft remains liable for the payment of each fee and any penalty.

(3) The department of state may suspend an ORV certificate of title if the department of state determines that a fee prescribed in this section has not been paid and remains unpaid after reasonable notice or demand.

(4) If a fee is still delinquent 15 days after the department of state has given notice to a person who tendered the check or draft, a $10.00 penalty shall be assessed and collected in addition to the fee.

(5) The revenue collected from the fees imposed under this section shall be used to support the administrative costs of the secretary of state required by this section. Annual revenue collected in excess of these administrative costs shall be credited to the off-road vehicle account. Amounts appropriated for administrative costs but unexpended shall be credited to the off-road vehicle account.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81110&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:03 PM
324.81111 Refusal to issue ORV certificate of title; grounds; issuance and delivery; requiring certification of ownership.

Sec. 81111.

(1) The department of state may refuse to issue an original or duplicate ORV certificate of title if any of the following occur:

(a) The applicant fails to furnish all required information or reasonable additional information requested by the department of state.

(b) The required fee has not been paid.

(c) The applicant is not entitled to an ORV certificate of title under this part.

(d) The ORV is titled under the code.

(e) The application contains a false or fraudulent statement.

(f) The department of state has reasonable grounds to believe that the ORV was stolen or embezzled.

(2) If satisfied that the applicant is the owner of the ORV and is otherwise entitled to an ORV certificate of title, the department of state shall issue an ORV certificate of title in the applicant's name. The certificate shall be mailed or otherwise delivered to the owner of the ORV or to another person specified by the owner in a separate instrument, in a form prescribed by the department of state.

(3) If the secretary of state is not satisfied as to the ownership of an ORV which is not a late model ORV and whose value does not exceed $1,500.00, the secretary of state shall require the applicant to certify that the applicant is the owner of the ORV and therefore entitled to make application for a certificate of title for the ORV.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81111&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81112 Manufacturing requirements for ORV certificate of title; uniform method of numbering; contents; prohibited acts; penalties.
Sec. 81112.

(1) An ORV certificate of title shall be manufactured in a manner to prevent as nearly as possible the reproduction, alteration, counterfeiting, forging, or duplication of the certificate without ready detection. An ORV certificate of title shall contain on its face the information set forth in the application, including a notation of all secured interests in the ORV, the date on which the application was filed, and other information required by the department of state.

(2) The department of state shall prescribe a uniform method of numbering ORV certificates of title.

(3) An ORV certificate of title shall contain a form for assignment and warranty of title by the owner with space for the notation of a security interest in the ORV. The ORV certificate of title may also contain other forms that the department of state considers necessary to facilitate the effective administration of this part. The certificate shall bear the coat of arms of this state.

(4) A person who intentionally reproduces, alters, counterfeits, forges, or duplicates an ORV certificate of title or who uses a reproduced, altered, counterfeited, forged, or duplicated ORV certificate of title is subject to the following penalties:

(a) If the intent of reproduction, alteration, counterfeiting, forging, duplication, or use was to commit or aid in the commission of an offense punishable by imprisonment for 1 or more years, the person committing the reproduction, alteration, counterfeiting, forging, duplication, or use is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for a period equal to that which could be imposed for the commission of the offense the person had the intent to aid or commit or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(b) If the intent of the reproduction, alteration, counterfeiting, forging, duplication, or use was to commit or aid in the commission of an offense punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, the person committing the reproduction, alteration, counterfeiting, forging, duplication, or use is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81112&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81113 Loss, mutilation, or illegibility of ORV certificate; application for and issuance of duplicate; legend; indexes.

Sec. 81113.

(1) If an ORV certificate of title or duplicate certificate of title is lost or mutilated or becomes illegible, the person entitled to possession of the certificate, or the legal representative or successor in interest to the titleholder of record, may make application to the department of state for a duplicate ORV certificate of title. Upon receipt of the application, the fee prescribed in section 81110, and information satisfactory to the department of state to establish entitlement to the duplicate, the department of state may issue a duplicate ORV certificate of title to the applicant.

(2) Every duplicate ORV certificate of title shall contain the legend: “This is a duplicate certificate of title and may be subject to the rights of a person under the original certificate.”.

(3) The secretary of state shall maintain 1 or more indexes pertaining to ORV certificates of title. Upon receiving an application for an ORV certificate of title, the secretary of state may check the information in the application and accompanying documents against the indexes of titled, registered, stolen, and recovered ORVs and against other records maintained by the secretary of state.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81113&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:06 PM
324.81114 Records available to the public; commercial lookup service; disposition of fees; computerized central file; purging records; providing records to nongovernmental person or entity; fee; admissibility in evidence.
Sec. 81114.

(1) Records maintained under this part, other than those declared to be confidential by law or that are restricted by law from disclosure to the public, shall be available to the public under procedures prescribed in this part, and in the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(2) The secretary of state may provide a commercial lookup service of ORV operation, title, and registration records maintained under this part. For each individual record looked up, the secretary of state shall charge a fee specified annually by the legislature, or if none, a market-based price established by the secretary of state. The secretary of state shall process a commercial lookup request only if the request is in a form or format prescribed by the secretary of state. Fees collected under this subsection on and after October 1, 2005 shall be credited to the transportation administration collection fund created in section 810b of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.810b.

(3) The secretary of state shall create and maintain a computerized central file that includes the information contained on application forms received under this part and the name of each person who is convicted of an offense, who fails to comply with an order or judgment issued, or against whom an order is entered under this part. The computerized central file shall be interfaced with the law enforcement information network as provided in the L.E.I.N. policy council act of 1974, 1974 PA 163, MCL 28.211 to 28.216.

(4) The secretary of state may purge a record of an ORV certificate of title and any record pertaining to it 7 years after the title was issued or the record was made or received.

(5) The secretary of state shall not provide an entire computerized central or other file of records maintained under this part to a nongovernmental person or entity, unless the purchaser pays the prescribed fee or price for each individual record contained within the computerized file.

(6) A certified copy of an order, record, or paper maintained under this part is admissible in evidence in the same manner as the original and is prima facie proof of the facts stated in the original.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81114&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81114a Disclosure of personal information; uses.

Sec. 81114a.

(1) Except as provided in this section and in section 81114c, personal information in a record maintained under this part shall not be disclosed, unless the person requesting the information furnishes proof of identity considered satisfactory to the secretary of state and certifies that the personal information requested will be used for a permissible purpose identified in this section or in section 81114c. Notwithstanding this section, highly restricted personal information shall be used and disclosed only as expressly permitted by law.

(2) Personal information in a record maintained under this act shall be disclosed by the secretary of state if required to carry out the purposes of a specified federal law. As used in this section, “specified federal law” means the automobile information disclosure act, Public Law 85-506, 15 U.S.C. 1231 to 1232 and 1233, the former motor vehicle information and cost savings act, Public Law 92-513, the former national traffic and motor vehicle safety act of 1966, Public Law 89-563, the anti-car theft act of 1992, Public Law 102-519, 106 Stat. 3384, the clean air act, chapter 360, 69 Stat. 322, 42 U.S.C. 7401 to 7431, 7470 to 7479, 7491 to 7492, 7501 to 7509a, 7511 to 7515, 7521 to 7525, 7541 to 7545, 7547 to 7550, 7552 to 7554, 7571 to 7574, 7581 to 7590, 7601 to 7612, 7614 to 7617, 7619 to 7622, 7624 to 7627, 7641 to 7642, 7651 to 7651o, 7661 to 7661f, and 7671 to 7671q, and all federal regulations promulgated to implement these federal laws.

(3) Personal information in a record maintained under this part may be disclosed as follows:

(a) For use by any government agency, including any court or law enforcement agency, in carrying out its functions, or any private person or entity acting on behalf of a government agency in carrying out its functions.

(b) For use in connection with matters of ORV and operator safety or ORV theft; ORV emissions; ORV product alterations, recalls, or advisories; performance monitoring of ORVs; ORV research activities, including survey research; and the removal of nonowner records from the original records of ORV manufacturers.

(c) For use in the normal course of business by a business or its agents, employees, or contractors to verify the accuracy of personal information submitted by an individual to the business or its agents, employees, or contractors, and if the information as submitted is not correct or is no longer correct, to obtain the correct information, but only for the purposes of preventing fraud, by pursuing legal remedies against, or recovering on a debt or security interest against, the individual.

(d) For use in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, or arbitral proceeding in any court or government agency or before any self-regulatory body, including the service of process, investigation in anticipation of litigation, and the execution or enforcement of judgments and orders, or pursuant to an order of any court, administrative agency, or self-regulatory body.

(e) For use in legitimate research activities and in preparing statistical reports for commercial, scholarly, or academic purposes by a bona fide research organization, so long as the personal information is not published, redisclosed, or used to contact individuals.

(f) For use by any insurer, self-insurer, or insurance support organization, or its agents, employees, or contractors, in connection with claims investigation activities, antifraud activities, rating, or underwriting.

(g) For use in providing notice to the owner of an abandoned, towed, or impounded ORV.

(h) For use by any licensed private security guard agency or alarm system contractor licensed under the private security guard act of 1968, 1968 PA 330, MCL 338.1051 to 338.1085, or a private detective or private investigator licensed under the private detective license act of 1965, 1965 PA 285, MCL 338.821 to 338.851, for any purpose permitted under this section.

(i) For use by an ORV rental business, or its employees, agents, contractors, or service firms, for the purpose of making rental decisions.

(j) For use by a news medium in the preparation and dissemination of a report related in part or in whole to the operation of a motor vehicle or public safety. “News medium” includes a newspaper, a magazine or periodical published at regular intervals, a news service, a broadcast network, a television station, a radio station, a cablecaster, or an entity employed by any of the foregoing.

(k) For any use by an individual requesting information pertaining to himself or herself or requesting in writing that the secretary of state provide information pertaining to himself or herself to the individual's designee. A request for disclosure to a designee, however, may be submitted only by the individual.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81114a&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:13 PM
324.81114c Furnishing list of information to federal, state, or local governmental agency; contract for sale of lists of records; surveys, marketing, and solicitations; insertion of safeguards in agreement or contract; resale or redisclosure of information; disclosure of list based on ORV operation or sanctions to nongovernmental agency.

Sec. 81114c.

(1) Upon request, the secretary of state may furnish a list of information from the records of the department maintained under this part to a federal, state, or local governmental agency for use in carrying out the agency's functions, or to a private person or entity acting on behalf of a governmental agency for use in carrying out the agency's functions. Unless otherwise prohibited by law, the secretary of state may charge the requesting agency a preparation fee to cover the cost of preparing and furnishing a list provided under this subsection if the cost of preparation exceeds $25.00, and use the revenues received from the service to defray necessary expenses. If the secretary of state sells a list of information under this subsection to a member of the state legislature, the secretary of state shall charge the same fee as the fee for the sale of information under subsection (2) unless the list of information is requested by the member of the legislature to carry out a legislative function. The secretary of state may require the requesting agency to furnish 1 or more blank computer tapes, cartridges, or other electronic media, and may require the agency to execute a written memorandum of agreement as a condition of obtaining a list of information under this subsection.

(2) The secretary of state may contract for the sale of lists of records maintained under this part in bulk, in addition to those lists distributed at cost or at no cost under this section, for purposes defined in section 81114a(3). The secretary of state shall require each purchaser of information in bulk to execute a written purchase contract. The secretary of state shall fix a market-based price for the sale of lists of bulk information, which may include personal information. The proceeds from each sale shall be used by the secretary of state to defray the costs of list preparation and for other necessary or related expenses.

(3) The secretary of state or any other state agency shall not sell or furnish any list of information under subsection (2) for the purpose of surveys, marketing, and solicitations. The secretary of state shall ensure that personal information disclosed in bulk will be used, rented, or sold solely for uses permitted under this part.

(4) The secretary of state may insert any safeguard the secretary considers reasonable or necessary, including a bond requirement, in a memorandum of agreement or purchase contract executed under this section, to ensure that the information furnished or sold is used only for a permissible use and that the rights of individuals and of the secretary of state are protected.

(5) An authorized recipient of personal information disclosed under this section who resells or rediscloses the information for any of the permissible purposes described in section 81114a(3) shall do both of the following:

(a) Make and keep for a period of not less than 5 years records identifying each person who received personal information from the authorized recipient and the permitted purpose for which it was obtained.

(b) Allow a representative of the secretary of state, upon request, to inspect and copy records identifying each person who received personal information from the authorized recipient and the permitted purpose for which it was obtained.

(6) The secretary of state shall not disclose a list based on ORV operation or sanctions to a nongovernmental agency, including an individual.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81114c&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81115 Licensing of ORV required; exceptions.

Sec. 81115.

(1) Except as otherwise provided by law, an ORV shall not be operated on or over land, snow, ice, marsh, swampland, or other natural terrain unless licensed by the owner with the department or a dealer as provided in this part. Except as otherwise provided in this part, a vehicle operating on a forest trail or in a designated area shall be licensed under this part.

(2) Licensure is not required for an ORV used exclusively in a safety and training program as required in section 81129.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81115&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81116 Application for license by owner or dealer of ORV; filing; form; signature; fee; false information prohibited; issuance of license; validity; purchase and resale of ORV licenses; refunds; records; attachment of license to vehicle; license not required for vehicle used and stored outside state; lost or destroyed license.
Sec. 81116.

(1) The owner of an ORV requiring licensure under this part shall file an application for a license with the department or a dealer on forms provided by the department. If an ORV is sold by a dealer, the application for a license shall be submitted to the department by the dealer in the name of the owner. The application shall be signed by the owner of the vehicle and shall be accompanied by a fee of $16.25. A person shall not file an application for registration that contains false information. Upon receipt of the application in approved form and upon payment of the appropriate fee, the department or dealer shall issue to the applicant a license which shall be valid for the 12-month period for which it is issued. A license shall be issued for the 12-month period beginning April 1 and ending March 31 each year.

(2) Dealers may purchase from the department ORV licenses for resale to owners of vehicles requiring licensure under this part. The department shall refund to dealers the purchase price of any ORV licenses returned within 90 days after the end of the 12-month period for which they were valid. The dealer shall maintain and provide to the department records of ORV license sales on forms provided by the department. In addition to the sale of ORV licenses, a dealer engaged in the sale, lease, or rental of ORVs as a regular business may sell any other license or permit authorized by the department to be sold by other dealers under the statutes of this state.

(3) The license shall be permanently attached to the vehicle in the manner prescribed and in the location designated by the department before the vehicle may legally be operated in accordance with this part.

(4) If at the time of sale the purchaser certifies on a form provided by the department that the purchased vehicle otherwise requiring a license under this part will be used and stored outside of this state and will not be returned by the purchaser to this state for use, then a license is not required.

(5) If a license acquired by the owner of an ORV is lost or destroyed, the department shall provide that person with a replacement license free of charge. The department may require a person requesting a replacement license to supply sufficient evidence of the loss or destruction of the original license.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81116&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:18 PM
324.81117 Off-road vehicle account.
Sec. 81117.

(1) Money in the off-road vehicle account shall be used only for the following:

(a) Signage for and improvement, maintenance, and construction of ORV trails, routes, or areas.

(b) The administration and enforcement of this part.

(c) The leasing of land.

(d) The acquisition of easements, permits, or other agreements for the use of land for ORV trails, routes, or areas.

(e) The restoration of any of the natural resources of this state on public land that are damaged due to ORV use in conjunction with the plan required by section 81123.

(f) One dollar of the revenue from each fee collected under section 81116 shall be used for the purposes of sections 81129 and 81130.

(2) All revenue from each fee collected under section 81116 shall be deposited in the off-road vehicle account.


(3) All funds allocated under this part shall be for projects that are open to the public.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81117&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81119 Distribution of revenue in form of grants.
Sec. 81119.

(1) Not less than 50% of the money in the off-road vehicle account shall be distributed each year in the form of grants for the purpose of planning, improving, constructing, signing, and maintaining ORV trails, areas, and routes and access to those trails, areas, and routes, the leasing of land, the acquisition of easements, permits, or other agreements for the use of land for ORV trails, areas, and routes, to public agencies and nonprofit incorporated clubs and organizations.

(2) An application by a public agency or a nonprofit incorporated club or organization shall include a plan for restoration of any of the natural resources of this state on public land that are damaged due to ORV use. The public agencies or nonprofit incorporated clubs or organizations shall indicate on their application that their use of grant money is consistent with, and meets the requirements of, the plan developed by the department pursuant to section 81123, and the trail, route, or area is available to the public. The department shall not approve a grant unless the application meets the requirements of the plan. The department shall make application forms available and consider grant requests on a yearly basis.

(3) A grant shall not be made for a trail, route, or area unless the trail, route, or area is available for ORV use and is approved by the department. A grant for the cost of leasing of land and the acquisition of easements, permits, or other agreements may equal 100% of incurred expense. Specifications shall be prescribed by the department.

(4) Not less than 31-1/4% of the money in the off-road vehicle account shall be used each year for enforcement of this part or the purchase of any necessary equipment used for enforcement of this part. Of the amount available for enforcement, the department shall make available 24% of the funds for distribution in the form of grants by the department to the county sheriffs' departments. The balance of the funds available shall be used by the department for the enforcement of this part or for the purchase of any necessary equipment used for the enforcement of this part. In making grants available for distribution under this subsection, the department shall consider the following factors:

(a) The number of miles of ORV trails, routes, or areas within the county.

(b) The number of sheriff's department employees available for enforcement of this part.

(c) The estimated number of ORVs within the county and that are brought into the county for ORV use.

(d) The estimated number of days that ORVs may be used within that county.

(e) Any other factors considered appropriate by the department. The department shall require a county sheriff receiving a grant under this subsection to maintain records and submit an annual report to verify expenditure of grant money received.

(5) Not less than 12-1/2% of the revenue in the off-road vehicle account shall be distributed each year in the form of grants to public agencies and nonprofit incorporated clubs and organizations for the restoration of damage that is caused by ORV use to natural resources on public land. A grant under this subsection may be in addition to a grant under subsection (1). An application for a grant under this subsection shall comply with subsection (2).

(6) Not more than 3-1/8% of the revenue in the off-road vehicle account in any year shall be used for administration of this part. The department may use revenue from the funds for personnel to operate the program under this part.

(7) The remaining 3-1/8% of the revenue in the off-road vehicle account may be used for the purposes described in subsections (1) and (4), except that 25 cents of each fee for a license sold by a dealer shall be retained by the dealer as a commission for services rendered. If the remainder of the money in the off-road vehicle account is used for the purposes described in subsection (4), it shall be allocated as provided in subsection (4).

(8) Grants under this section shall remain available until expended once a contract or commitment has been entered into under this section. A contract shall be for a period of not more than 2 years. A grant not expended within the contract period may be renewed by the department by entering into a new contract.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81119&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:22 PM
324.81121 Renting, leasing, or furnishing ORV; maintaining safe operating condition; explanation of operation; liability insurance.

Sec. 81121.

(1) A dealer shall maintain in safe operating condition an ORV rented, leased, or furnished by the dealer. The dealer, dealer's agents, or employees shall explain the operation of the vehicle being rented, leased, or furnished, and if the dealer, dealer's agent, or employee believes the person to whom the vehicle is to be rented, leased, or furnished is not competent to operate the vehicle with safety to that person or others, the dealer, dealer's agent, or employee shall refuse to rent, lease, or furnish the vehicle.

(2) A dealer renting, leasing, or furnishing a vehicle shall carry a policy of liability insurance subject to limits, exclusive of interest and costs, with respect to the vehicle, as follows: $20,000.00 because of bodily injury to, or death of, 1 person in any 1 accident, and $40,000.00 because of bodily injury to, or death of, 2 or more persons in any 1 accident, and $10,000.00 because of injury to, or destruction of, property of others in any 1 accident, or alternatively, the dealer shall demand and be shown proof that the person renting, leasing, or being furnished a vehicle carries a liability policy of at least the type and coverage as specified above.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81121&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81122 Prohibited operation of unregistered ORV; exceptions; operator as prima facie negligent.

Sec. 81122.

(1) A person shall not operate an ORV that is not registered under the code upon a public highway, street, or right-of-way of a public highway or street, except as provided in section 81131 or under the following conditions and circumstances:

(a) The operator of a vehicle may cross a public highway, other than a limited access highway, at right angles, for the purpose of getting from 1 area to another, if the operation can be done in safety. The operator shall bring the vehicle to a complete stop before proceeding across a public highway, and shall yield the right-of-way to oncoming traffic.

(b) A vehicle may be operated on a street or highway for a special event of limited duration and conducted according to a prearranged schedule only under permit from the governmental unit having jurisdiction. A special event involving ORVs may be conducted on the frozen surface of public waters only under permit from the department.

(c) A farmer, employee of a farmer, or family member of a farmer who is at least 16 years of age may operate an ORV on the extreme right side of a roadway or highway right-of-way when it is not practicable to operate off that roadway or highway right-of-way. Such operation shall be limited to traveling to or from the farmer's residence or work location or field during the course of farming operations. An ORV shall not be operated pursuant to this subdivision during the period of 30 minutes before sunset to 30 minutes after sunrise, when visibility is substantially reduced due to weather conditions, or in a manner so as to interfere with traffic. The state transportation department and all of its employees are immune from tort liability for injury or damages sustained by any person arising in any way by reason of the operation or use of an ORV for the limited purposes allowed under this subdivision. An operator of an ORV under this subdivision shall have attached to the ORV a flag made of reflective material. The flag shall extend not less than 8 feet from the surface of the roadway and not less than 4 feet above the top of the ORV. The flag shall be not less than 12 inches high by 18 inches long and not measure less than 100 square inches.

(2) In a court action in this state where competent evidence demonstrates that a vehicle that is permitted to operate on a highway pursuant to the code is in a collision with an ORV on a roadway, the operator of the ORV involved in the collision shall be considered prima facie negligent.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81122&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:26 PM
324.81123 Comprehensive plan for management of ORV use of certain areas, routes, and trails; revision; approval; designation of ORV trails and areas for nonconflicting recreation trail use; designated scramble area; maps of trails.

Sec. 81123.

(1) The department shall, by October 1, 1991, develop a comprehensive plan for the management of ORV use of areas, routes, and trails maintained by or under the jurisdiction of the department or a local unit of government pursuant to section 81131. The plan shall, as a minimum, set forth the following methods and timetable:

(a) The inventorying, by appropriate means, of all areas, forest roads, and forest trails used by or suitable for use by ORVs.

(b) The identification and evaluation of the suitability of areas, forest roads, and forest trails to sustain ORV use.

(c) The designation of areas, forest roads, and forest trails for ORV use, including use by persons with disabilities.

(d) The development of resource management plans to maintain areas, forest roads, or forest trails and to restore or reconstruct damaged areas, forest roads, or forest trails. The plans shall include consideration of the social, economic, and environmental impact of ORV use.

(e) Specifications for trails and areas.

(2) The plan developed under subsection (1) shall be revised every 2 years. The plan shall be submitted to the legislature for approval. The legislature shall approve the plan without amendment by concurrent resolution adopted by both standing committees of the house of representatives and senate that consider natural resources matters and both houses of the legislature by recorded vote. The department shall submit any subsequent revisions to the plan to the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house of representatives at least 20 session days before the effective date of the revisions. If both standing committees of the house of representatives and senate that consider natural resources matters fail to reject the revisions within those 20 session days, the revisions shall be considered approved.

(3) The plan may designate where bicyclists, hikers, equestrians, and other nonconflicting recreation trail users may use ORV trails or areas.

(4) By May 7, 1992, the department shall designate an appropriate area in the northern Lower Peninsula and an appropriate area in southeast Michigan as a scramble area.

(5) Copies of maps of trails shall be prepared and made available by the department in sufficient quantities to accompany each ORV certificate of title issued by the secretary of state and to place in each county sheriff's office and each department of natural resources field office.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81123&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81127 Comprehensive system; considerations.

Sec. 81127.

(1) Under the comprehensive system previously approved and implemented under former section 16d of 1975 PA 319, all state owned land under the jurisdiction of the department shall be closed to ORV use except designated routes, designated trails, and designated areas. The commission shall approve any subsequent revisions to the system and shall establish an effective date for the revisions. The department shall submit the revisions approved by the commission to the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house of representatives at least 20 session days before the effective date determined by the commission. If both standing committees of the senate and the house of representatives that primarily consider issues pertaining to the protection of natural resources fail to reject the revisions within those 20 session days, the revisions shall be considered approved.

(2) In developing the system, the department shall consider the needs of hunters, senior citizens, and persons with disabilities.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81127&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:30 PM
324.81128 Citizens review board.

Sec. 81128.

(1) Effective January 1, 1994, a citizens review board shall be established. The review board shall consist of 6 members of the general public and the director of the legislative service bureau division of science and technology who shall serve as the nonvoting chairperson. The 6 members of the general public shall be from or representative of the soil conservation service, the Michigan association of counties, natural resources, conservation, or environmental groups, the largest recognized motorized cycle group, an ORV dealer association, and an at-large ORV trail user.

(2) Two members of the review board shall be appointed by the governor, 2 members shall be appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives, and 2 members shall be appointed by the senate majority leader.

(3) The review board shall submit to the standing committees of the senate and the house of representatives that address legislation pertaining to the environment and natural resources of this state a report that contains a full review of the operation of the system developed by the department and approved by the legislature pursuant to section 81127. The report shall include a summary of the effectiveness of the system, recommendations for changes to the system, and other information that the legislative committees described in this subsection may request at the time of the establishment of the review board.

(4) The department shall provide the review board with both of the following:

(a) The department's recommendations regarding changes to the system that the department concludes would improve the system.

(b) The department's evaluation of the effectiveness of the system.

(5) Within 6 months after the establishment of the review board, the review board shall issue its report as provided in this section and the review board shall be disbanded.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81128&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81129 Operation of ORV by child or by incompetent; requirements; ORV information, safety education, and training program; course instruction; ORV safety certificates; rules.

Sec. 81129.

(1) Subject to subsections (2), (3), and (17), a parent or legal guardian of a child less than 16 years of age shall not permit the child to operate an ORV unless the child is under the direct visual supervision of an adult and the child has in his or her immediate possession an ORV safety certificate issued pursuant to this part or a comparable ORV safety certificate issued under the authority of another state or a province of Canada.

(2) A parent or legal guardian of a child less than 12 years of age shall not permit the child to operate a 4-wheeled ATV, unless the child is not less than 10 years of age and is on private land owned by a parent or legal guardian of the child. This subsection does not apply to the operation of an ATV used in agricultural operations.

(3) A parent or legal guardian of a child less than 16 years of age shall not permit the child to operate a 3-wheeled ATV.

(4) Subject to subsections (5), (6), and (17), the owner or person in charge of an ORV shall not knowingly permit the vehicle to be operated by a child less than 16 years of age unless the child is under the direct visual supervision of an adult and the child has in his or her immediate possession an ORV safety certificate issued pursuant to this part or a comparable ORV safety certificate issued under the authority of another state or a province of Canada.

(5) The owner or person in charge of a 4-wheeled ATV shall not knowingly permit the vehicle to be operated by a child less than 12 years of age, unless the child is not less than 10 years of age and is on private land owned by a parent or legal guardian of the child. This subsection does not apply to the operation of an ATV used in agricultural operations.

(6) The owner or person in charge of a 3-wheeled ATV shall not knowingly permit the vehicle to be operated by a child less than 16 years of age.

(7) The owner or person in charge of an ORV shall not knowingly permit the vehicle to be operated by a person who is incompetent to operate the vehicle because of mental or physical disability except as provided in section 81131.

(8) The department shall implement a comprehensive ORV information, safety education, and training program that shall include the training of operators and the preparation and dissemination of information and safety advice to the public. The program shall provide for the training of youthful operators and for the issuance of ORV safety certificates to those who successfully complete the training provided under the program and may include separate instruction for each type of ORV.

(9) In implementing a program that is established pursuant to this section, the department shall cooperate with private organizations and associations, private and public corporations, the department of education, the department of state, and local governmental units. The department shall consult with ORV and environmental organizations and associations in regard to the subject matter of a training program and performance testing that leads to certification of ORV operators.

(10) The department may designate a person it considers qualified to provide course instruction and to award ORV safety certificates.

(11) The department may promulgate rules to implement subsections (8) to (10).

(12) Subject to subsections (13), (14), and (17), a child who is less than 16 years of age may operate an ORV if the child is under the direct visual supervision of an adult and the child has in his or her immediate possession an ORV safety certificate issued pursuant to this section or a comparable ORV safety certificate issued under the authority of another state or a province of Canada.

(13) A child who is less than 12 years of age shall not operate a 4-wheeled ATV, unless the child is not less than 10 years of age and is on private land owned by a parent or legal guardian of the child. This subsection does not apply to the operation of an ATV used in agricultural operations.

(14) A child who is less than 16 years of age shall not operate a 3-wheeled ATV.

(15) When operating an ORV under subsection (12), a child shall present the ORV safety certificate to a peace officer upon demand.

(16) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, an operator who is less than 12 years of age shall not cross a highway or street. An operator who is not less than 12 years of age but less than 16 years of age may cross a highway or street or operate on the right-of-way or shoulder of designated access routes pursuant to section 81131 if the operator has a valid ORV safety certificate in his or her immediate possession and meets any other requirements under this section for operation of the vehicle.

(17) The requirement of possession or presentation of an ORV safety certificate under this section does not apply until implementation of the program for the vehicle proposed to be operated required by subsection (8).

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81129&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:34 PM
324.81130 ORV safety education course.
Sec. 81130.

(1) A person who is under 16 years of age, before operating an ATV or ORV, shall complete an ORV safety education course approved by the department. This course may include a written examination and a driving test designed to test the competency of the applicant. Upon successful completion of this safety education course, a person shall receive an ORV safety certificate.

(2) A safety education course conducted by a college or university, an intermediate school district, a local school district, a law enforcement agency, or another governmental agency located in this state or by a department approved nonprofit service organization shall be conducted in compliance with this section. An agency or a school conducting a course under this subsection may apply to the department for a grant from the off-road vehicle account for costs associated with conducting a course.

(3) Except for a course conducted by a private business enterprise as provided by subsection (4), an applicant for a safety education course under this section shall pay not more than a $25.00 course fee or in the case of a university or community college a fee not more than the cost of 1 credit hour of instruction. The course fees shall only be used for funding the administration and implementation of the course.

(4) An ATV or ORV, or both, safety education course required by this section and approved by the department may be conducted by a private business enterprise. A private business enterprise may charge a course fee not to exceed the cost of conducting the course.

(5) The director shall designate a person to be the state coordinator of the ATV and ORV safety education program. A person designated under this subsection shall have successfully completed ATV and ORV safety courses.

(6) The director shall designate a person who has successfully completed ATV and ORV safety courses to perform annual inspections of course sites.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81130&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81131 Local ordinances; duty to maintain highway; immunity from liability; “gross negligence” defined.

Sec. 81131.

(1) A local unit of government may pass an ordinance establishing access routes along streets and highways under its jurisdiction, if those access routes do not involve state or federal highways, and if they meet the requirements of the plan developed pursuant to section 81127. If necessary, consent of a state or federal land management agency shall be obtained for the location of the route.

(2) A municipality may pass an ordinance allowing a permanently disabled person to operate an ORV in that municipality.

(3) A board of county road commissioners, a county board of commissioners, and a local unit of government do not have a duty to maintain a highway under their respective jurisdictions in a condition reasonably safe and convenient for the operation of ORVs, except the following ORVs:

(a) ORVs registered as motor vehicles as provided in the code.

(b) ORVs permitted by an ordinance as provided in subsection (2).

(4) Beginning October 19, 1993, a board of county road commissioners, a county board of commissioners, and a county are, and, beginning on April 25, 1995, a municipality is, immune from tort liability for injuries or damages sustained by any person arising in any way out of the operation or use of an ORV on maintained or unmaintained highways, shoulders, and rights-of-way over which the board of county road commissioners, the county board of commissioners, or the local unit of government has jurisdiction. The immunity provided by this subsection does not apply to actions that constitute gross negligence. Gross negligence is defined as conduct so reckless as to demonstrate a substantial lack of concern for whether an injury results.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81131&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Just a note; The current House Bill 4323 is hopfully going to replace this last one soon.

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 07:59 PM
324.81134 Operation of ORV by person under influence of intoxicating liquor or controlled substance; authorizing or permitting operation; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; subsequent convictions; violation as felony; screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services; duty of court before accepting guilty plea; record.

Sec. 81134.

(1) A person who is under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, as defined by section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance shall not operate an ORV.

(2) A person who has an alcohol content of 0.10 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine shall not operate an ORV.

(3) The owner or person in charge or in control of an ORV shall not authorize or knowingly permit the ORV to be operated by a person who is under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person who is convicted of a violation of subsection (1), (2), or (3) is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days, or a fine of not less than $100.00 or more than $500.00, or both, together with costs of the prosecution. As part of the sentence for a violation of subsection (1) or (2), the court shall order the person convicted not to operate an ORV for a period of not less than 6 months or more than 2 years.

(5) On a second conviction under subsection (1) or (2) or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to subsection (1) or (2) within a period of 7 years, a person is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both. As part of the sentence, the court shall order the person convicted not to operate an ORV for a period of not less than 1 year or more than 2 years.

(6) On a third or subsequent conviction within a period of 10 years under subsection (1) or (2) or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to subsection (1) or (2), a person is guilty of a felony and shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than 1 year or more than 5 years, or a fine of not less than $500.00 or more than $5,000, or both. As part of the sentence, the court shall order the person convicted not to operate an ORV for a period of not less than 1 year or more than 2 years.

(7) A person who operates an ORV in violation of subsection (1) or (2) or section 81135 and by the operation of that ORV causes the death of another person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 15 years or a fine of not less than $2,500.00 or more than $10,000.00, or both.

(8) A person who operates an ORV within this state in violation of subsection (1) or (2) or section 81135 and by the operation of that ORV causes a serious impairment of a body function of another person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not less than $1,000.00 or more than $5,000.00, or both. As used in this subsection, “serious impairment of a body function” includes, but is not limited to, 1 or more of the following:

(a) Loss of a limb or use of a limb.

(b) Loss of a hand, foot, finger, or thumb or use of a hand, foot, finger, or thumb.

(c) Loss of an eye or ear or use of an eye or ear.

(d) Loss or substantial impairment of a bodily function.

(e) Serious visible disfigurement.

(f) A comatose state that lasts for more than 3 days.

(g) Measurable brain damage or mental impairment.

(h) A skull fracture or other serious bone fracture.

(i) Subdural hemorrhage or subdural hematoma.

(9) As part of the sentence for a violation of subsection (1) or (2), or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to subsection (1) or (2), the court may order the person to perform service to the community, as designated by the court, without compensation, for a period not to exceed 12 days. The person shall reimburse the state or appropriate local unit of government for the cost of insurance incurred by the state or local unit of government as a result of the person's activities under this subsection.

(10) Before imposing sentence for a violation of subsection (1) or (2) or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to subsection (1) or (2), the court shall order the person to undergo screening and assessment by a person or agency designated by the office of substance abuse services, to determine whether the person is likely to benefit from rehabilitative services, including alcohol or drug education and alcohol or drug treatment programs. As part of the sentence, the court may order the person to participate in and successfully complete 1 or more appropriate rehabilitative programs. The person shall pay for the costs of the screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services.

(11) Before accepting a plea of guilty under this section, the court shall advise the accused of the statutory consequences possible as the result of a plea of guilty in respect to suspension of the person's right to operate an ORV and the penalty imposed for violation of this section.

(12) Each municipal judge and each clerk of a court of record shall keep a full record of every case in which a person is charged with a violation of this section. The municipal judge or clerk of the court of record shall prepare and immediately forward to the secretary of state an abstract of the court of record for each case charging a violation of this section.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81134&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81135 Operation of ORV by person visibly impaired; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; prior convictions; community service; screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services; duty of court before accepting guilty plea; record.

Sec. 81135.

(1) A person shall not operate an ORV if, due to the consumption of intoxicating liquor, a controlled substance, as defined by section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, the person has visibly impaired his or her ability to operate the ORV. If a person is charged with violating section 81134, a finding of guilty is permissible under this section.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person convicted of a violation of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days, or a fine of not more than $300.00, or both, together with costs of the prosecution. As part of the sentence, the court shall order the person convicted not to operate an ORV for a period of not less than 90 days or more than 1 year.

(3) A person who violates this section or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to this section, and has 1 or more prior convictions under this section or section 81134 or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to this section or section 81134, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both. If the person convicted has only 1 prior conviction described in this subsection, as part of the sentence, the court shall order the person not to operate an ORV for a period of not less than 6 months or more than 18 months. If the person has 2 or more prior convictions described in this subsection, the court shall order the person not to operate an ORV for a period of not less than 1 year or more than 2 years.

(4) As part of the sentence for a violation of this section or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to this section, the court may order the person to perform service to the community, as designated by the court, without compensation, for a period not to exceed 12 days. The person shall reimburse the state or appropriate local unit of government for the cost of insurance incurred by the state or local unit of government as a result of the person's activities under this subsection.

(5) Before imposing sentence for a violation of this section or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to this section, the court shall order the person to undergo screening and assessment by a person or agency designated by the office of substance abuse services, to determine whether the person is likely to benefit from rehabilitative services, including alcohol or drug education and alcohol or drug treatment programs. As part of the sentence, the court may order the person to participate in and successfully complete 1 or more appropriate rehabilitative programs. The person shall pay for the costs of the screening, assessment, and rehabilitative services.

(6) Before accepting a plea of guilty under this section, the court shall advise the accused of the statutory consequences possible as a result of a plea of guilty in respect to suspension of the person's right to operate an ORV and the penalty imposed for violation of this section.

(7) Each municipal judge and each clerk of a court of record shall keep a full record of every case in which a person is charged with a violation of this section. The municipal judge or clerk of the court of record shall prepare and immediately forward to the secretary of state an abstract of the court of record for each case charging a violation of this section.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81135&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:03 PM
324.81136 Chemical analysis of operator's blood, urine, or breath; admissibility; request for results of test; presumptions; taking sample of urine or breath; withdrawing blood; liability; administration of tests by person of arrested person's own choosing; refusal to take test; other evidence; jury instruction; admissibility of blood withdrawn after accident; sample of decedent's blood.

Sec. 81136.

(1) In a criminal prosecution for violating section 81134 or 81135 or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 81134 or 81135, or in a criminal prosecution for negligent homicide or manslaughter resulting from the operation of an ORV while the operator is alleged to have been impaired by or under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, or to have had a blood alcohol content of 0.10 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine, the amount of alcohol in the operator's blood at the time alleged as shown by chemical analysis of the operator's blood, urine, or breath shall be admissible into evidence.

(2) If a chemical test of an operator's blood, urine, or breath is given, the results of the test shall be made available to the person charged with an offense enumerated in subsection (1) or the person's attorney upon written request to the prosecution, with a copy of the request filed with the court. The prosecution shall furnish the report at least 2 days before the day of the trial and the results shall be offered as evidence by the prosecution in a criminal proceeding. Failure to fully comply with the request shall bar the admission of the results into evidence by the prosecution.

(3) Except in a prosecution relating solely to a violation of section 81134(2), the amount of alcohol in the operator's blood at the time alleged as shown by chemical analysis of the operator's blood, urine, or breath shall give rise to the following presumptions:

(a) If at the time the operator had an alcohol content of 0.07 grams or less per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine, it shall be presumed that the operator was not under the influence of intoxicating liquor.

(b) If at the time the operator had an alcohol content of more than 0.07 grams but less than 0.10 grams per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine, it shall be presumed that the operator's ability to operate an ORV was impaired within the provisions of section 81135 due to the consumption of intoxicating liquor.

(c) If at the time the operator had an alcohol content of 0.10 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine, it shall be presumed that the operator was under the influence of intoxicating liquor.

(4) A sample or specimen of urine or breath shall be taken and collected in a reasonable manner. Only a licensed physician, or a licensed nurse or medical technician under the direction of a licensed physician and qualified to withdraw blood acting in a medical environment, at the request of a peace officer, may withdraw blood for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of the blood under this part. Liability for a crime or civil damages predicated on the act of withdrawing blood and related procedures shall not attach to a qualified person who withdraws blood or assists in the withdrawal in accordance with this part unless the withdrawal is performed in a negligent manner.

(5) A person arrested for a crime enumerated in subsection (1) who takes a chemical test administered at the request of a peace officer, as provided in this part, shall be given a reasonable opportunity to have a person of his or her own choosing administer 1 of the chemical tests described in this section within a reasonable time after his or her detention, and the results of the test shall be admissible and shall be considered with other competent evidence in determining the defendant's innocence or guilt of a crime enumerated in subsection (1). If the person arrested is administered a chemical test by a person of his or her own choosing, the person arrested shall be responsible for obtaining a chemical analysis of the test sample. The person shall be informed that he or she has the right to demand that a person of his or her choosing administer 1 of the chemical tests described in this section, that the results of the test shall be admissible and shall be considered with other competent evidence in determining the innocence or guilt of the defendant, and that the person arrested shall be responsible for obtaining a chemical analysis of the test sample.

(6) A person arrested shall be advised that if the person refuses the request of a peace officer to take a test described in this section, a test shall not be given without a court order. The person arrested shall also be advised that the person's refusal of the request of a peace officer to take a test described in this section shall result in the suspension of the person's right to operate an ORV.

(7) This section shall not be construed as limiting the introduction of any other competent evidence bearing upon the question of whether or not the defendant was impaired by or under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, or whether the person had a blood alcohol content of 0.10 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine.

(8) If a jury instruction regarding a defendant's refusal to submit to a chemical test under this section is requested by the prosecution or the defendant, the jury instruction shall be given as follows:

“Evidence was admitted in this case which, if believed by the jury, could prove that the defendant had exercised his or her right to refuse a chemical test. You are instructed that such a refusal is within the statutory rights of the defendant and is not evidence of the defendant's guilt. You are not to consider such a refusal in determining the guilt or innocence of the defendant.”.

(9) If after an accident the operator of an ORV involved in the accident is transported to a medical facility and a sample of the operator's blood is withdrawn at that time for the purpose of medical treatment, the results of a chemical analysis of that sample shall be admissible in a criminal prosecution for a crime described in subsection (1) to show the amount of alcohol or presence of a controlled substance, or both, in the person's blood at the time alleged, regardless of whether the person had been offered or had refused a chemical test. The medical facility or person performing the chemical analysis shall disclose the results of the analysis to a prosecuting attorney who requests the results for use in a criminal prosecution as provided in this subsection. A medical facility or person disclosing information in compliance with this subsection shall not be civilly or criminally liable for making the disclosure.

(10) If after an accident the operator of an ORV involved in the accident is deceased, a sample of the decedent's blood shall be withdrawn in a manner directed by the medical examiner for the purpose of determining blood alcohol content or presence of a controlled substance, or both. The medical examiner shall give the results of the chemical analysis to the law enforcement agency investigating the accident, and that agency shall forward the results to the department of state police.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81136&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81137 Implied consent to chemical tests of blood, breath, or urine; exception.

Sec. 81137.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), a person who operates an ORV is considered to have given consent to chemical tests of his or her blood, breath, or urine for the purpose of determining the amount of alcohol or presence of a controlled substance or both in his or her blood, and may be requested by a peace officer to submit to chemical tests of his or her blood, breath, or urine for the purpose of determining the amount of alcohol or presence of a controlled substance or both in his or her blood if:

(a) The person is arrested for a violation of section 81134(1) or (2) or 81135 or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 81134(1) or (2) or 81135.

(b) The person is arrested for negligent homicide or manslaughter resulting from the operation of an ORV, and the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person was operating the ORV while impaired by or under the influence of intoxicating liquor, a controlled substance, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance.

(2) A person who is afflicted with hemophilia, diabetes, or a condition requiring the use of an anticoagulant under the direction of a physician shall not be considered to have given consent to the withdrawal of blood.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81137&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:05 PM
324.81139 Administrative hearing; notice.

Sec. 81139.

(1) Upon receipt of a report made pursuant to section 81138, the secretary of state shall immediately notify the person in a writing, mailed to the person's last known address, that the report has been received and that within 14 days after the date of the notice the person may request an administrative hearing as provided in section 81140.

(2) The notice shall specifically state that failure to request a hearing within 14 days shall result in the suspension of the person's right to operate an ORV and that the person is not required to retain counsel for the hearing, although counsel will be permitted to represent the person at the hearing.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81139&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81140 Suspension of right to operate ORV; appointment of hearing officer; notice; powers of hearing officer; scope of hearing; conduct of hearing; final decision or order; petition; review; order; record of proceedings.

Sec. 81140.

(1) If a person who refuses to submit to a chemical test pursuant to section 81138 does not request an administrative hearing within 14 days after the date of notice pursuant to section 81139, the secretary of state shall suspend the person's right to operate an ORV for a period of 6 months, or for a second or subsequent refusal within a period of 7 years, for 1 year.

(2) If an administrative hearing is requested, the secretary of state shall appoint a hearing officer to conduct the hearing. Not less than 10 days' notice of the hearing shall be provided by mail to the person submitting the request, to the peace officer who filed the report under section 81138, and, if a prosecuting attorney requests receipt of the notice, to the prosecuting attorney of the county where the arrest was made. The hearing officer may administer oaths and issue subpoenas for the attendance of necessary witnesses, and may grant a reasonable request for an adjournment. The hearing shall cover only the following issues:

(a) Whether the peace officer had reasonable grounds to believe that the person committed a crime described in section 81137(1).

(b) Whether the person was placed under arrest for a crime described in section 81137(1).

(c) Whether the person reasonably refused to submit to a chemical test upon request of the officer.

(d) Whether the person was advised of his or her rights under section 81136.

(3) An administrative hearing conducted under this section is not a contested case for the purposes of chapter 4 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being sections 24.271 to 24.287 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. The hearing shall be conducted in an impartial manner. A final decision or order of a hearing officer shall be made in writing or stated in the record, and shall include findings of fact based exclusively on the evidence presented and matters officially noticed, and shall specify any sanction to be imposed against the person involved. A copy of the final decision or order shall be delivered or mailed immediately to the person and the peace officer.

(4) After the administrative hearing, if the person is found to have unreasonably refused to submit to a chemical test, the secretary of state shall suspend the person's right to operate an ORV for a period of 6 months, or for a second or subsequent refusal within a period of 7 years, for 1 year. Within 60 days after the final decision or order is issued by the hearing officer, the person may file a petition in the circuit court of the county in which the arrest was made to review the suspension. The scope of the court's review shall be limited to the issues provided in section 106 of Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being section 24.306 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(5) The circuit court shall enter an order setting the cause for hearing for a date certain that is not more than 60 days after the date of the order. The order, a copy of the petition, which shall include the person's full name, current address, birth date, and driver's license number, and all supporting affidavits shall be served on the secretary of state's office in Lansing not less than 50 days before the date set for the hearing. The department shall cause a record to be made of the proceedings held pursuant to subsection (2). The record shall be prepared and transcribed in accordance with section 86 of Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being section 24.286 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Upon notification of the filing of a petition for judicial review, the department shall transmit to the court in which the petition was filed, not less than 10 days before the matter is set for review, the original or a certified copy of the official record of the proceedings.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81140&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:08 PM
324.81140a Suspension or revocation of operator's or chauffeur's license; operation of ORV prohibited; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 81140a.

(1) If the operator's or chauffeur's license of a person who is a resident of this state is suspended or revoked by the secretary of state under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1 to 257.923, or if the driver license of a person who is a nonresident is suspended or revoked under the law of the state in which he or she resides, that person shall not operate an ORV under this part for the same period.

(2) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable as follows:

(a) For a first conviction, imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $500.00, or both.

(b) For a second or subsequent conviction, imprisonment for not more than 180 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81140a&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81141 Preliminary chemical breath analysis; arrest; admissibility of results; requirements; civil infraction; fine.

Sec. 81141.

(1) A peace officer who has reasonable cause to believe that a person was operating an ORV and that the person by the consumption of intoxicating liquor may have affected his or her ability to operate the ORV, may require the person to submit to a preliminary chemical breath analysis.

(2) A peace officer may arrest a person based in whole or in part upon the results of a preliminary chemical breath analysis.

(3) The results of a preliminary chemical breath analysis shall be admissible in a criminal prosecution for a crime enumerated in section 81136(1) or in an administrative hearing held under section 81140, solely to assist the court or hearing officer in determining a challenge to the validity of an arrest. This subsection does not limit the introduction of other competent evidence offered to establish the validity of an arrest.

(4) A person who submits to a preliminary chemical breath analysis shall remain subject to the requirements of sections 81136, 81137, 81138, 81139, and 81140 for the purposes of chemical tests described in those sections.

(5) A person who refuses to submit to a preliminary chemical breath analysis upon a lawful request by a peace officer is responsible for a state civil infraction and may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $100.00.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81141&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81142 Operation of ORV after right suspended as misdemeanor; penalty.

Sec. 81142.

A person whose right to operate an ORV has been suspended pursuant to this part and who operates an ORV is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81142&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:12 PM
324.81143 Accident resulting in injury, death, or property damage; notice; report; report by medical facility; collection and evaluation of information; duties of operator.

Sec. 81143.

(1) The operator of a vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injuries to, or the death of, a person, or resulting in property damage in an estimated amount of $100.00 or more, shall immediately, by the quickest available means of communication, notify a state police officer, or the sheriff's office of the county in which the accident occurred. The police agency receiving the notice shall complete a report of the accident on forms prescribed by the director of the department of state police and forward the report to the department of state police and the department.

(2) A medical facility to which a person injured in an accident involving an ORV is transported shall report the accident to the department of state police.

(3) The department of state police, in cooperation with the department, shall collect and evaluate information concerning accidents involving ORVs.

(4) The operator of a vehicle involved in an accident upon public or private property resulting in injury to or the death of a person shall immediately stop at the scene of an accident and shall render to any person injured in the accident reasonable assistance in securing medical aid or transportation.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81143&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.81144 Arrest without warrant of alleged operator of ORV.

Sec. 81144.

If a peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that a person was, at the time of an accident, the operator of an ORV involved in the accident and was operating the ORV while under the influence of an intoxicating liquor, a controlled substance as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, Act No. 368 of the Public Acts of 1978, being section 333.7104 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, or was operating the ORV while his or her ability to operate an ORV was impaired due to the consumption of intoxicating liquor, a controlled substance, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, the peace officer may arrest the alleged operator of the ORV without a warrant.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81144&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81145 Violations; appearance tickets; prima facie evidence of operation by owner.

Sec. 81145.

(1) Law enforcement officers may issue appearance tickets for violations of this part, pursuant to sections 9a to 9g of chapter 4 of Act No. 175 of the Public Acts of 1927, being sections 764.9a to 764.9g of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

(2) In a proceeding for a violation of this part involving prohibited operation or conduct, the registration number or numbered decal or vehicle identification number displayed on an ORV shall constitute prima facie evidence that the owner of the vehicle was the person operating the vehicle at the time of the offense; unless the owner identifies the operator to law enforcement officials, the vehicle was reported as stolen at the time of the violation, or that the vehicle was stolen or not in use at the time of the violation.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81145&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:15 PM
324.81146 Failure or refusal to obey signal or request to stop; misdemeanor.

Sec. 81146.

(1) An operator of an ORV, who is given by hand, voice, emergency light, or siren a visual or audible signal by a law enforcement officer acting in the lawful performance of his or her duty, directing the operator to bring the vehicle to a stop, and who willfully fails to obey the signal by increasing speed, extinguishing lights, or otherwise attempting to flee or elude the officer, is guilty of a misdemeanor. The officer giving the signal shall be in uniform, and the officer's vehicle shall be easily identifiable as an official law enforcement vehicle.

(2) The operator of a vehicle on the private premises of another, when visibly hailed by the owner or the owner's authorized agent, shall bring the vehicle to an immediate stop and provide personal identification. Refusal to obey such a request to stop or subsequent escape or attempt to escape is a misdemeanor.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81146&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81147 Violation of part as misdemeanor or civil violation; penalties.
Sec. 81147.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this part, a person who violates a provision of this part is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or a fine of not less than $50.00 or more than $1,000.00, or both, for each violation of the part.

(2) A person who violates sections 81105, 81107, 81115, 81116, 81121, 81130, and 81133(b), (c), (d), (f), (g), (h), (j), (l), and (m) is responsible for a state civil infraction and may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $500.00.

(3) A person shall not remove, deface, or destroy a sign or marker placed by the department indicating the boundaries of an ORV trail or area or that marks a route.

(4) In addition to the penalties otherwise provided under this part, a court of competent jurisdiction may order a person to restore, as nearly as possible, any land, water, stream bank, streambed, or other natural or geographic formation damaged by the violation of this part to the condition it was in before the violation occurred.

(5) The department or any other peace officer may impound the ORV of a person who violates a provision of this part that is punishable as a misdemeanor or who causes damage to the particular area in which the ORV was used in the commission of the violation.

(6) Upon conviction of a person for violation of a provision of this part that is punishable as a misdemeanor or any other provision of this part that results in damage to the particular area in which the ORV was used, a court of competent jurisdiction may order an ORV and any personal property on the ORV seized as a result of the violation returned to the owner or upon recommendation of the local prosecuting attorney turned over to the department. If the ORV and any other property is turned over to the department, they shall be disposed of in the manner provided for condemnation of property in part 16. The proceeds realized by the department under this subsection shall first be used to restore areas damaged by ORV use with the balance to be deposited in the off-road vehicle account.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81147&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



324.81148 Condemnation of ORV unauthorized where trespass is result of emergency.

Sec. 81148.

A person shall not have an ORV condemned pursuant to section 81147 if the trespass is the result of an emergency situation.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81148&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:19 PM
324.81149 Survey to determine total unrefunded gasoline sales tax money; report; recommendations; budget requests.

Sec. 81149.

The department shall conduct a survey to determine the total unrefunded gasoline sales tax money it estimates to have been collected from the sale of gasoline relating to the nonhighway use of ORVs, and shall submit a report to the legislature along with a recommendation as to the method by which the unrefunded gasoline sales tax money estimated to have been collected shall be appropriated to benefit ORV users. The first survey shall be submitted to the legislature prior to January 31, 1977 and every third year thereafter. The department shall include in its budget requests information detailing survey programs.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-81149&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv


324.82156a Disclosure of personal information; uses.

Sec. 82156a.

(1) Except as provided in this section and in section 82156c, personal information in a record maintained under this part shall not be disclosed, unless the person requesting the information furnishes proof of identity deemed satisfactory to the secretary of state and certifies that the personal information requested will be used for a permissible purpose identified in this section or in section 82156c. Notwithstanding this section, highly restricted personal information shall be used and disclosed only as expressly permitted by law.

(2) Personal information in a record maintained under this act shall be disclosed by the secretary of state if required to carry out the purposes of a specified federal law. As used in this section, “specified federal law” means the automobile information disclosure act, Public Law 85-506, 15 U.S.C. 1231 to 1232 and 1233, the former motor vehicle information and cost savings act, Public Law 92-513, the former national traffic and motor vehicle safety act of 1966, Public Law 89-563, the anti-car theft act of 1992, Public Law 102-519, 106 Stat. 3384, the clean air act, chapter 360, 69 Stat. 322, 42 U.S.C. 7401 to 7431, 7470 to 7479, 7491 to 7492, 7501 to 7509a, 7511 to 7515, 7521 to 7525, 7541 to 7545, 7547 to 7550, 7552 to 7554, 7571 to 7574, 7581 to 7590, 7601 to 7612, 7614 to 7617, 7619 to 7622, 7624 to 7627, 7641 to 7642, 7651 to 7651o, 7661 to 7661f, and 7671 to 7671q, and all federal regulations promulgated to implement these federal laws.

(3) Personal information in a record maintained under this part may be disclosed as follows:

(a) For use by any government agency, including any court or law enforcement agency, in carrying out its functions, or any private person or entity acting on behalf of a government agency in carrying out its functions.

(b) For use in connection with matters of snowmobile and operator safety or ORV theft; snowmobile emissions; snowmobile product alterations, recalls, or advisories; performance monitoring of snowmobiles; snowmobiles research activities, including survey research; and the removal of nonowner records from the original records of snowmobile manufacturers.

(c) For use in the normal course of business by a business or its agents, employees, or contractors to verify the accuracy of personal information submitted by an individual to the business or its agents, employees, or contractors, and if the information as submitted is not correct or is no longer correct, to obtain the correct information, but only for the purposes of preventing fraud, by pursuing legal remedies against, or recovering on a debt or security interest against, the individual.

(d) For use in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, or arbitral proceeding in any court or government agency or before any self-regulatory body, including the service of process, investigation in anticipation of litigation, and the execution or enforcement of judgments and orders, or pursuant to an order of any court.

(e) For use in legitimate research activities and in preparing statistical reports for commercial, scholarly, or academic purposes by a bona fide research organization, so long as the personal information is not published, redisclosed, or used to contact individuals.

(f) For use by any insurer, self-insurer, or insurance support organization, or its agents, employees, or contractors, in connection with claims investigation activities, antifraud activities, rating, or underwriting.

(g) For use in providing notice to the owner of an abandoned, towed, or impounded snowmobile.

(h) For use by any licensed private security guard agency or alarm system contractor licensed under the private security guard act of 1968, 1968 PA 330, MCL 338.1051 to 338.1085, or a private detective or private investigator licensed under the private detective license act of 1965, 1965 PA 285, MCL 338.821 to 338.851, for any purpose permitted under this section.

(i) For use by an ORV rental business or its employees, agents, contractors, or service firms for the purpose of making rental decisions.

(j) For use by a news medium in the preparation and dissemination of a report related in part or in whole to the operation of a motor vehicle or public safety. “News medium” includes a newspaper, a magazine or periodical published at regular intervals, a news service, a broadcast network, a television station, a radio station, a cablecaster, or an entity employed by any of the foregoing.

(k) For any use by an individual requesting information pertaining to himself or herself or requesting in writing that the secretary of state provide information pertaining to himself or herself to the individual's designee. A request for disclosure to a designee, however, may be submitted only by the individual.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-324-82156a&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:20 PM
500.3020 Policy of casualty insurance; mandatory provisions; filing rule providing minimum retention of premium for automobile insurance; issuance of policy to meet MCL 257.227a; providing short rate premium for insurance on motorcycle, watercraft, off-road vehicle, or snowmobile; definitions; effect of cancellation on claim; mailing or delivery of notice; statement; rule establishing short rate premium.
Sec. 3020.

(1) A policy of casualty insurance, except worker's compensation and mortgage guaranty insurance, including all classes of motor vehicle coverage, shall not be issued or delivered in this state by an insurer authorized to do business in this state for which a premium or advance assessment is charged, unless the policy contains the following provisions:

(a) That the policy may be canceled at any time at the request of the insured, in which case the insurer shall refund the excess of paid premium or assessment above the pro rata rates for the expired time, except as otherwise provided in subsections (2), (3), and (4).

(b) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (d), that the policy may be canceled at any time by the insurer by mailing to the insured at the insured's address last known to the insurer or an authorized agent of the insurer, with postage fully prepaid, a not less than 10 days' written notice of cancellation with or without tender of the excess of paid premium or assessment above the pro rata premium for the expired time.

(c) That the minimum earned premium on any policy canceled pursuant to this subsection, other than automobile insurance as defined in section 2102(2)(a) and (b), shall not be less than the pro rata premium for the expired time or $25.00, whichever is greater.

(d) That an insurer may refuse to renew a malpractice insurance policy only by mailing to the insured at the insured's address last known to the insurer or an authorized agent of the insurer, with postage fully prepaid, a not less than 60 days' written notice of refusal to renew. As used in this subdivision, "malpractice insurance" means malpractice insurance as described in section 624(1)(h).

(2) An insurer may file a rule with the commissioner providing for a minimum retention of premium for automobile insurance as defined in section 2102(2)(a) and (b). The rule shall describe the circumstances under which the retention is applied and shall set forth the amount to be retained, which is subject to the approval of the commissioner. The rule shall include, but need not be limited to, the following provisions:

(a) That a minimum retention shall be applied only when the amount exceeds the amount that would have been retained had the policy been canceled on a pro rata basis.

(b) That a minimum retention does not apply to renewal policies.

(c) That a minimum retention does not apply when a policy is canceled for the following reasons:

(i) The insured is no longer required to maintain security pursuant to section 3101(1).

(ii) The insured has replaced the automobile insurance policy being canceled with an automobile insurance policy from another insurer and provides proof of the replacement coverage to the canceling insurer.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), an insurer may issue a noncancelable, nonrefundable, 6-month prepaid automobile insurance policy in order for an insured to meet the registration requirements of section 227a of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.227a.

(4) An insurer may provide for a short rate premium for insurance on a motorcycle, watercraft, off-road vehicle, or snowmobile. As used in this subsection:

(a) "Motorcycle" means that term as defined in section 3101.

(b) "Off-road vehicle" means an ORV as defined in section 81101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81101.

(c) "Snowmobile" means that term as defined in section 82101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.82101.

(d) "Watercraft" means that term as defined in section 80301 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80301.

(5) Cancellation as prescribed in this section is without prejudice to any claim originating before the cancellation. The mailing of notice is prima facie proof of notice. Delivery of written notice is equivalent to mailing.

(6) A notice of cancellation, including a cancellation notice under section 3224, shall be accompanied by a statement that the insured shall not operate or permit the operation of the vehicle to which notice of cancellation is applicable, or operate any other vehicle, unless the vehicle is insured as required by law.

(7) An insurer who wishes to provide for a short rate premium under subsection (4) shall file with the commissioner pursuant to chapter 24 or 26 a rule establishing a short rate premium. The rule shall describe the circumstances under which the short rate is applied and shall set forth the amount or percentage to be retained.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-500-3020&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:22 PM
554.658 Enforcement of lien; sale of personal property; notice; advertisement; time and place of sale; redemption; inventory; lien searches; payment by prior lienholder; rights of purchaser in good faith; responsibility for procuring title; distribution of proceeds; records; donations to charity or other disposition of property; damages for noncompliance.

Sec. 8.

(1) An operator's lien under section 7 shall be enforced only as provided in this section.

(2) An operator whose claim for rent or other lawful charges described in section 7 has not been satisfied may sell the personal property subject to the lien at a public sale, if the public sale conforms to this section.

(3) The occupant, and any person who is a titleholder in the personal property, shall be notified of the proposed sale of personal property to satisfy the claim of the operator by notice personally delivered or sent by first-class mail and by certified mail to the last known address of the occupant, if the occupant provided his or her address to the operator. Any person who has a lien on the personal property shall be notified of the proposed sale of the personal property to satisfy the claim of the operator by notice personally delivered or by first-class mail and by certified mail to the address of the lienholder. The notice shall include:

(a) An itemized statement of the operator's claim showing the amount due at the time of the notice and the date on which the amount became due.

(b) A demand for payment within a period of 30 days after delivery of the notice.

(c) A conspicuous statement, printed in not less than 10-point type, indicating that unless the claim is paid within the time stated in the notice, the personal property will be advertised for sale and sold. The statement shall specify the time, place, and manner of the proposed sale.

(d) A description of the personal property. If the property is a motor vehicle, watercraft, snowmobile, ORV, pickup camper, mobile home, or other titled personal property, the description shall include the vehicle identification number or other appropriate identification number.

(e) The name, address, and telephone number of the operator.

(f) If the personal property is a vehicle, watercraft, snowmobile, ORV, pickup camper, mobile home, or other titled personal property, the name and address of the titleholder and any lienholders of record.

(4) After the expiration of the 30-day period in subsection (3)(b), an advertisement of the proposed sale shall be published once a week for 2 consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the city, village, or township in which the campground is located. If there is no newspaper of general circulation in the city, village, or township in which the campground is located, the advertisement shall be posted at least 10 days before the date of the sale in not less than 6 conspicuous places in the city, village, or township in which the campground is located. The advertisement shall include all of the following:

(a) A brief, general description of the personal property subject to the lien. The description shall reasonably identify the property, except that any container, including but not limited to a suitcase, trunk, valise, or box, that is locked, fastened, sealed, or tied in a manner which deters immediate access to its contents may be described as such without describing its contents.

(b) The address of the campground and, if known to the operator, the name of the occupant and the name of the titleholder of the personal property.

(c) The time, place, and manner of the proposed sale.

(5) The sale shall take place not sooner than 30 days after the first publication or posting. A sale of the personal property shall be held at the campground or at the nearest suitable place.

(6) Before a sale of personal property pursuant to this section, the occupant, the titleholder, or a lienholder may pay the amount necessary to satisfy the lien, including the reasonable expenses incurred by the operator under this section, and redeem the personal property. Upon receipt of this payment, the operator shall return the personal property to the occupant, titleholder, or lienholder who made the payment, in the same condition, or substantially the same condition, as it was in when it was left at the campground by the occupant.

(7) Before a sale of personal property pursuant to this section, the operator shall complete an inventory of the personal property.

(8) Before a sale of a motor vehicle or other titled personal property pursuant to this section, the operator shall contact the appropriate agency of the federal, state, or local government where liens are recorded on that type of personal property to determine the name and address of any registered owners, titleholders, and lienholders, and the operator shall notify every such registered owner, titleholder, and lienholder of the time and place of the proposed sale. Failure to make the lien searches required by this subsection shall result in liability only to valid lienholders injured by that failure.

(9) Before a sale of personal property pursuant to this section, a holder of a prior lien on any of the property to be sold may pay the operator the amount of the operator's lien attributable to storage of the property, including the reasonable expenses incurred by the operator under this section. A payment made to the operator shall be added to the amount of the lien of the prior lienholder who made the payment, and shall be subtracted from the amount of the operator's lien.

(10) A purchaser in good faith of the personal property sold under this section takes the property free of any rights of persons against whom the lien was valid, despite noncompliance by the operator with the requirements of this section.

(11) A person who acquires a motor vehicle, boat, or recreational vehicle pursuant to this section is responsible for procuring a title to the motor vehicle, boat, or recreational vehicle from the secretary of state. The operator who conducts the sale shall provide to the purchaser, titleholder, and lienholder a signed written statement that the operator has complied with the provisions of this act regarding sales of personal property.

(12) In a sale under this section, the party conducting the sale shall distribute the proceeds in the following sequence:

(a) First, to satisfy the operator's lien pursuant to section 7, minus any amount already paid to the operator pursuant to subsection (9).

(b) Second, to satisfy outstanding balances owed to prior perfected lienholders.

(c) Third, in the case of the sale of a motor vehicle, boat, or recreational vehicle, the title to which is held by a person other than the occupant, any proceeds remaining after the distribution is made under subdivision (a) or (b) shall be returned to the titleholder of the motor vehicle, boat, or recreational vehicle.

(d) Fourth, any proceeds of the sale remaining after the distribution is made under subdivision (a), (b), or (c) shall be returned to the occupant by mailing the proceeds to the occupant's last known address by certified mail and by notifying the occupant by first-class mail. If the occupant does not claim the remaining proceeds within 2 years after the date of sale, the remaining proceeds shall escheat to the state.

(13) The operator shall maintain proper records of money received in any sale held under this section, and the records shall be subject to audit by the state.

(14) The operator shall dispose of any property offered for sale but not purchased by donating it to a charitable organization or, if the property is not accepted by a charitable organization, by any other means.

(15) An occupant who suffers damages because of an operator's failure to comply with this act may bring an action in a court of appropriate jurisdiction for the actual amount of the damages or $250.00, whichever is greater, together with reasonable attorney's fees.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-554-658&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:26 PM
764.15 Arrest by officer without warrant; situations; circumstances.

Sec. 15.

(1) A peace officer, without a warrant, may arrest a person in any of the following situations:

(a) A felony, misdemeanor, or ordinance violation is committed in the peace officer's presence.

(b) The person has committed a felony although not in the peace officer's presence.

(c) A felony in fact has been committed and the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person committed it.

(d) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for more than 92 days or a felony has been committed and reasonable cause to believe the person committed it.

(e) The peace officer has received positive information by written, telegraphic, teletypic, telephonic, radio, electronic, or other authoritative source that another peace officer or a court holds a warrant for the person's arrest.

(f) The peace officer has received positive information broadcast from a recognized police or other governmental radio station, or teletype, that affords the peace officer reasonable cause to believe a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for more than 92 days or a felony has been committed and reasonable cause to believe the person committed it.

(g) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person is an escaped convict, has violated a condition of parole from a prison, has violated a condition of a pardon granted by the executive, or has violated 1 or more conditions of a conditional release order or probation order imposed by a court of this state, another state, Indian tribe, or United States territory.

(h) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person was, at the time of an accident in this state, the operator of a vehicle involved in the accident and was operating the vehicle in violation of section 625(1), (3), (6), or (7) or section 625m of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.625 and 257.625m, or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 625(1), (3), (6), or (7) or section 625m of that act.

(i) The person is found in the driver's seat of a vehicle parked or stopped on a highway or street within this state if any part of the vehicle intrudes into the roadway and the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person was operating the vehicle in violation of section 625(1), (3), (6), or (7) or section 625m of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.625 and 257.625m, or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 625(1), (3), (6), or (7) or section 625m of that act.

(j) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person was, at the time of an accident, the operator of a snowmobile involved in the accident and was operating the snowmobile in violation of section 82127(1) or (3) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.82127, or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 82127(1) or (3) of that act.

(k) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person was, at the time of an accident, the operator of an ORV involved in the accident and was operating the ORV in violation of section 81134(1) or (2) or 81135 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81134 and 324.81135, or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 81134(1) or (2) or 81135 of that act.

(l) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person was, at the time of an accident, the operator of a vessel involved in the accident and was operating the vessel in violation of section 80176(1) or (3) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80176, or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 80176(1) or (3) of that act.

(m) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a violation of section 356c or 356d of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.356c and 750.356d, has taken place or is taking place and reasonable cause to believe the person committed or is committing the violation, regardless of whether the violation was committed in the peace officer's presence.

(n) The peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a misdemeanor has taken place or is taking place on school property and reasonable cause to believe the person committed or is committing the violation, regardless of whether the violation was committed in the peace officer's presence. As used in this subdivision, “school property” means that term as defined in section 7410 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7410.

(2) An officer in the United States customs service or the immigration and naturalization service, without a warrant, may arrest a person if all of the following circumstances exist:

(a) The officer is on duty.

(b) One or more of the following situations exist:

(i) The person commits an assault or an assault and battery punishable under section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and 750.81a, on the officer.

(ii) The person commits an assault or an assault and battery punishable under section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and 750.81a, on any other person in the officer's presence or commits any felony.

(iii) The officer has reasonable cause to believe a felony has been committed and reasonable cause to believe the person committed it, and the reasonable cause is not founded on a customs search.

(iv) The officer has received positive information by written, telegraphic, teletypic, telephonic, radio, electronic, or other authoritative source that a peace officer or a court holds a warrant for the person's arrest.

(c) The officer has received training in the laws of this state equivalent to the training provided for an officer of a local police agency under the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28.601 to 28.616.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-764-15&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:29 PM
769.1f Expenses for which court may order person convicted to reimburse state or local unit of government; payment; reimbursement as condition of probation or parole; enforcement of order; expenses for emergency response; definitions.

Sec. 1f.

(1) As part of the sentence for a conviction of any of the following offenses, in addition to any other penalty authorized by law, the court may order the person convicted to reimburse the state or a local unit of government for expenses incurred in relation to that incident including but not limited to expenses for an emergency response and expenses for prosecuting the person, as provided in this section:

(a) A violation or attempted violation of section 625(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7) or section 625m of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.625 and 257.625m, or of a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 625(1), (3), or (6) or section 625m of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.625 and 257.625m.

(b) Felonious driving, negligent homicide, manslaughter, or murder, or attempted felonious driving, negligent homicide, manslaughter, or murder, resulting from the operation of a motor vehicle, snowmobile, ORV, aircraft, vessel, or locomotive engine while the person was impaired by or under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7104, or a combination of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, or had an unlawful blood alcohol content.

(c) A violation or attempted violation of section 82127 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.82127.

(d) A violation or attempted violation of section 81134 or 81135 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81134 and 324.81135.

(e) A violation or attempted violation of section 185 of the aeronautics code of the state of Michigan, 1945 PA 327, MCL 259.185.

(f) A violation or attempted violation of section 80176(1), (3), (4), or (5) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80176, or a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 80176(1) or (3) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80176.

(g) A violation or attempted violation of section 353 or 355 of the railroad code of 1993, 1993 PA 354, MCL 462.353 and 462.355.

(h) A violation or attempted violation of section 411a(2) of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.411a.

(i) A finding of guilt for criminal contempt for a violation of a personal protection order issued under section 2950 or 2950a of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2950 and 600.2950a, or for a violation of a foreign protection order that satisfies the conditions for validity provided in section 2950i of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2950i.

(2) The expenses for which reimbursement may be ordered under this section include all of the following:

(a) The salaries or wages, including overtime pay, of law enforcement personnel for time spent responding to the incident from which the conviction arose, arresting the person convicted, processing the person after the arrest, preparing reports on the incident, investigating the incident, and collecting and analyzing evidence, including, but not limited to, determining bodily alcohol content and determining the presence of and identifying controlled substances in the blood, breath, or urine.

(b) The salaries, wages, or other compensation, including overtime pay, of fire department and emergency medical service personnel, including volunteer fire fighters or volunteer emergency medical service personnel, for time spent in responding to and providing fire fighting, rescue, and emergency medical services in relation to the incident from which the conviction arose.

(c) The cost of medical supplies lost or expended by fire department and emergency medical service personnel, including volunteer fire fighters or volunteer emergency medical service personnel, in providing services in relation to the incident from which the conviction arose.

(d) The salaries, wages, or other compensation, including, but not limited to, overtime pay of prosecution personnel for time spent investigating and prosecuting the crime or crimes resulting in conviction.

(e) The cost of extraditing a person from another state to this state including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(i) Transportation costs.

(ii) The salaries or wages of law enforcement and prosecution personnel, including overtime pay, for processing the extradition and returning the person to this state.

(3) If police, fire department, or emergency medical service personnel from more than 1 unit of government incurred expenses as described in subsection (2), the court may order the person convicted to reimburse each unit of government for the expenses it incurred.

(4) The amount ordered to be paid under this section shall be paid to the clerk of the court, who shall transmit the appropriate amount to the unit or units of government named in the order to receive reimbursement. If not otherwise provided by the court under this subsection, the reimbursement ordered under this section shall be made immediately. However, the court may require that the person make the reimbursement ordered under this section within a specified period or in specified installments.

(5) If the person convicted is placed on probation or paroled, any reimbursement ordered under this section shall be a condition of that probation or parole. The court may revoke probation and the parole board may revoke parole if the person fails to comply with the order and if the person has not made a good faith effort to comply with the order. In determining whether to revoke probation or parole, the court or parole board shall consider the person's employment status, earning ability, number of dependents, and financial resources, the willfulness of the person's failure to pay, and any other special circumstances that may have a bearing on the person's ability to pay.

(6) An order for reimbursement under this section may be enforced by the prosecuting attorney or the state or local unit of government named in the order to receive the reimbursement in the same manner as a judgment in a civil action.

(7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a person shall not be imprisoned, jailed, or incarcerated for a violation of parole or probation, or otherwise, for failure to make a reimbursement as ordered under this section unless the court determines that the person has the resources to pay the ordered reimbursement and has not made a good faith effort to do so.

(8) A local unit of government may elect to be reimbursed for expenses under this section or a local ordinance, or a combination of this section and a local ordinance. This subsection does not allow a local unit of government to be fully reimbursed more than once for any expense incurred by that local unit of government.

(9) As part of the sentence for a conviction of any violation or attempted violation of chapter XXXIII, section 327, 327a, 328, or 436, or chapter LXXXIII-A of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.200 to 750.212a, 750.327, 750.327a, 750.328, and 750.436, and 750.543a to 750.543z, in addition to any other penalty authorized by law, the court shall order the person convicted to reimburse any government entity for expenses incurred in relation to that incident including, but not limited to, expenses for an emergency response and expenses for prosecuting the person, as provided in subsections (2) to (8). As used in this subsection, “government entity” means this state, a local unit of government, or the United States government.

(10) As used in this section:

(a) “Aircraft” means that term as defined in section 4 of the aeronautics code of the state of Michigan, 1945 PA 327, MCL 259.4.

(b) “Local unit of government” means any of the following:

(i) A city, village, township, or county.

(ii) A local or intermediate school district.

(iii) A public school academy.

(iv) A community college.

(c) “Motor vehicle” means that term as defined in section 33 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.33.

(d) “ORV” means that term as defined in section 81101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81101.

(e) “Snowmobile” means that term as defined in section 82101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.82101.

(f) “State” includes a state institution of higher education.

(g) “Vessel” means that term as defined in section 80104 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80104.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-769-1f&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:37 PM
769.36 Deaths arising out of same criminal transaction; crimes to which person may be charged and convicted; consecutive terms; definitions.

Sec. 36.

(1) A person may be charged with and convicted of any of the following for each death arising out of the same criminal transaction, and the court may order the terms of imprisonment to be served consecutively to each other:

(a) Section 602a(5), 617(3), 625(4), or 904(4) of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.602a, 257.617, 257.625, and 257.904.

(b) Section 317 or 321 of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.317 and 750.321, where death results from the operation of a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive, or section 479a(5) of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.479a.

(c) Section 80176(4), 81134(7), or 82127(4) of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80176, 324.81134, and 324.82127.

(d) Section 185(4) of the aeronautics code of the state of Michigan, 1945 PA 327, MCL 259.185.

(e) Section 353(6) of the railroad code of 1993, 1993 PA 354, MCL 462.353.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) “Aircraft” means that term as defined in section 2 of the aeronautics code of the state of Michigan, 1945 PA 327, MCL 259.2.

(b) “ORV” means that term as defined in section 81101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81101.

(c) “Snowmobile” means that term as defined in section 82101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.82101.

(d) “Vehicle” means that term as defined in section 79 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.79.

(e) “Vessel” means that term as defined in section 80104 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80104.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-769-36&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



777.1 Definitions.

Sec. 1.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Aircraft” means that term as defined in section 2 of the aeronautics code of the state of Michigan, 1945 PA 327, MCL 259.2.

(b) “Departure” means that term as defined in section 31 of chapter IX.

(c) “Homicide” means any crime in which the death of a human being is an element of that crime.

(d) “Intermediate sanction” means that term as defined in section 31 of chapter IX.

(e) “ORV” means that term as defined in section 81101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.81101.

(f) “Snowmobile” means that term as defined in section 82101 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.82101.

(g) “Vehicle” means that term as defined in section 79 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.79.

(h) “Vessel” means that term as defined in section 80104 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.80104.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-777-1&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



777.13g Applicability of chapter to certain felonies; MCL 324.76107(3) to 324.82160(3).

Sec. 13g.

This chapter applies to the following felonies enumerated in chapter 324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws:

M.C.L. ----Category --Class--- Description Stat ------------------------Max
324.76107(3) Pub ord D Removing or mutilating human body from Great Lakes bottomland 10

324.76107(4)(c) Property E Recovering abandoned property in Great Lakes having value of $1,000 to $20,000 or with prior convictions 5

324.76107(4)(d) Property D Recovering abandoned property in Great Lakes having value of $20,000 or more or with prior convictions 10
324.80130d(1) Pub ord H False representation to obtain personal information 4
324.80130d(2) Pub ord G False representation to obtain personal information — second offense 7
324.80130d(3) Pub ord C False representation to obtain personal information — third or subsequent offense 15
324.80134a(2) Person E Failure to stop at scene of marine accident causing serious impairment or death 5
324.80134a(3) Person C Failure to stop at scene of marine accident causing death when at fault 15
324.80172 Person G Negligent crippling or homicide by vessel 2
324.80173 Person G Felonious operation of a vessel 2
324.80176(4) Person C Operating a vessel under the influence causing death 15
324.80176(5) Person E Operating a vessel under the influence causing serious impairment 5
324.80177(1)(c) Pub saf E Operating a vessel under the influence — third or subsequent offense 5
324.80319a(1) Pub ord H False representation to obtain personal information 4
324.80319a(2) Pub ord G False representation to obtain personal information — second offense 7
324.80319a(3) Pub ord C False representation to obtain personal information — third or subsequent offense 15
324.81120(1) Pub ord H False representation to obtain personal information 4
324.81120(2) Pub ord G False representation to obtain personal information — second offense 7
324.81120(3) Pub ord C False representation to obtain personal information — third or subsequent offense 15
324.81134(6) Pub saf E Operating an ORV under the influence — third or subsequent offense 5
324.81134(7) Person C Operating an ORV under the influence causing death 15
324.81134(8) Person E Operating an ORV under the influence causing serious impairment 5
324.82126c(1) Person G Operating a snowmobile carelessly or negligently causing death or serious impairment 2
324.82126c(2) Person G Operating a snowmobile without regard to safety causing serious impairment 2
324.82127(4) Person C Operating a snowmobile under the influence causing death 15
324.82127(5) Person E Operating a snowmobile under the influence causing serious impairment 5
324.82128(1)(c) Pub saf E Operating a snowmobile under the influence — third or subsequent offense 5
324.82160(1) Pub ord H False representation to obtain personal information 4
324.82160(2) Pub ord G False representation to obtain personal information — second offense 7
324.82160(3) Pub ord C False representation to obtain personal information — third or subsequent offense 15


History: Add. 2002, Act 30, Eff. Apr. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 232, Eff. Apr. 1, 2004

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:40 PM
777.22 Offense variables; scoring.

Sec. 22.

(1) For all crimes against a person, score offense variables 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 19, and 20. Score offense variables 5 and 6 for homicide, attempted homicide, conspiracy or solicitation to commit a homicide, or assault with intent to commit murder. Score offense variable 16 under this subsection for a violation or attempted violation of section 110a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.110a. Score offense variables 17 and 18 if the offense or attempted offense involves the operation of a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive.

(2) For all crimes against property, score offense variables 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19, and 20.

(3) For all crimes involving a controlled substance, score offense variables 1, 2, 3, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20.

(4) For all crimes against public order and all crimes against public trust, score offense variables 1, 3, 4, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19, and 20.

(5) For all crimes against public safety, score offense variables 1, 3, 4, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19, and 20. Score offense variable 18 if the offense or attempted offense involves the operation of a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-777-22&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv




777.33 Physical injury to victim.

Sec. 33.

(1) Offense variable 3 is physical injury to a victim. Score offense variable 3 by determining which of the following apply and by assigning the number of points attributable to the one that has the highest number of points:


(a) A victim was killed 100 points
(b) A victim was killed 50 points
(c) Life threatening or permanent incapacitating injury occurred to a victim 25 points
(d) Bodily injury requiring medical treatment occurred to a victim 10 points
(e) Bodily injury not requiring medical treatment occurred to a victim 5 points
(f) No physical injury occurred to a victim 0 points

(2) All of the following apply to scoring offense variable 3:

(a) In multiple offender cases, if 1 offender is assessed points for death or physical injury, all offenders shall be assessed the same number of points.

(b) Score 100 points if death results from the commission of a crime and homicide is not the sentencing offense.

(c) Score 50 points if death results from the commission of a crime and the offense or attempted offense involves the operation of a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive and any of the following apply:

(i) The offender was under the influence of or visibly impaired by the use of alcoholic liquor, a controlled substance, or a combination of alcoholic liquor and a controlled substance.

(ii) The offender had an alcohol content of 0.08 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine or, beginning October 1, 2013, the offender had an alcohol content of 0.10 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine.

(iii) The offender's body contained any amount of a controlled substance listed in schedule 1 under section 7212 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7212, or a rule promulgated under that section, or a controlled substance described in section 7214(a)(iv) of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7214.

(d) Do not score 5 points if bodily injury is an element of the sentencing offense.

(3) As used in this section, “requiring medical treatment” refers to the necessity for treatment and not the victim's success in obtaining treatment.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-777-33&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 08:44 PM
777.48 Operator ability affected by alcohol or drugs; “any bodily alcoholic content” defined.

Sec. 48.

(1) Offense variable 18 is operator ability affected by alcohol or drugs. Score offense variable 18 by determining which of the following apply and by assigning the number of points attributable to the one that has the highest number of points:

(a) The offender operated a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive when his or her bodily alcohol content was 0.20 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine 20 points
(b) The offender operated a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive when his or her bodily alcohol content was 0.15 grams or more but less than 0.20 grams per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine 15 points
(c) The offender operated a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive while the offender was under the influence of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor, a controlled substance, or a combination of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance; or while the offender's body contained any amount of a controlled substance listed in schedule 1 under section 7212 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7212, or a rule promulgated under that section, or a controlled substance described in section 7214(a)(iv) of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.7214; or while the offender had an alcohol content of 0.08 grams or more but less than 0.15 grams per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine or, beginning October 1, 2013, the offender had an alcohol content of 0.10 grams or more but less than 0.15 grams per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine 10 points
(d) The offender operated a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive while he or she was visibly impaired by the use of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or a combination of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, or was less than 21 years of age and had any bodily alcohol content 5 points
(e) The offender's ability to operate a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive was not affected by an alcoholic or intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or a combination of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance 0 points

(2) As used in this section, “any bodily alcohol content” means either of the following:

(a) An alcohol content of 0.02 grams or more but less than 0.08 grams per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine or, beginning October 1, 2013, 0.02 grams or more but less than 0.10 grams per 100 milliliters of blood, per 210 liters of breath, or per 67 milliliters of urine.

(b) Any presence of alcohol within an individual's body resulting from the consumption of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor other than the consumption of alcoholic or intoxicating liquor as part of a generally recognized religious service or ceremony.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-777-48&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv



777.55 Prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications.

Sec. 55.

(1) Prior record variable 5 is prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications. Score prior record variable 5 by determining which of the following apply and by assigning the number of points attributable to the one that has the highest number of points:

(a) The offender has 7 or more prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications 20 points
(b) The offender has 5 or 6 prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications 15 points
(c) The offender has 3 or 4 prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications 10 points
(d) The offender has 2 prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications 5 points
(e) The offender has 1 prior misdemeanor conviction or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudication 2 points
(f) The offender has no prior misdemeanor convictions or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications 0 points

(2) All of the following apply to scoring record variable 5:

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), count a prior misdemeanor conviction or prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudication only if it is an offense against a person or property, a controlled substance offense, or a weapon offense. Do not count a prior conviction used to enhance the sentencing offense to a felony.

(b) Count all prior misdemeanor convictions and prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudications for operating or attempting to operate a vehicle, vessel, ORV, snowmobile, aircraft, or locomotive while under the influence of or impaired by alcohol, a controlled substance, or a combination of alcohol and a controlled substance. Do not count a prior conviction used to enhance the sentencing offense to a felony.

(3) As used in this section:

(a) “Prior misdemeanor conviction” means a conviction for a misdemeanor under a law of this state, a political subdivision of this state, another state, a political subdivision of another state, or the United States if the conviction was entered before the sentencing offense was committed.

(b) “Prior misdemeanor juvenile adjudication” means a juvenile adjudication for conduct that if committed by an adult would be a misdemeanor under a law of this state, a political subdivision of this state, another state, a political subdivision of another state, or the United States if the order of disposition was entered before the sentencing offense was committed.

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(s25npv55xubaenrxcdyjo53t))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-777-55&queryid=18948412&highlight=orv

Yetti
July 21st, 2007, 09:12 PM
THE GENERAL LAW VILLAGE ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 3 of 1895

66.2a Recreational trailway; posting ordinance; prohibited operation of vehicle as municipal civil infraction; penalty.


Sec. 2a.
(1) An ordinance regulating a recreational trailway is not effective unless it is posted and maintained near each gate or principal entrance to the trailway.
(2) The operation of a vehicle on a recreational trailway at a time, in a place, or in a manner prohibited by an ordinance is a municipal civil infraction, whether or not so designated by the ordinance. A civil fine ordered for a municipal civil infraction described in this subsection shall not exceed the maximum amount of a fine provided by the ordinance or $500.00, whichever is less. An act or omission described in this subsection is not a municipal civil infraction if that act or omission constitutes a violation or crime that section 2 of chapter VI prohibits an ordinance from designating as a municipal civil infraction.

History: Add. 1994, Act 87, Eff. Oct. 1, 1994

Yetti
July 22nd, 2007, 08:43 PM
750.234a Intentionally discharging firearm from motor vehicle, snowmobile, or off-road vehicle in manner that endangers safety of another individual as felony; penalty; exception; "peace officer" defined; self-defense.
Sec. 234a.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2) or (3), an individual who intentionally discharges a firearm from a motor vehicle, a snowmobile, or an off-road vehicle in such a manner as to endanger the safety of another individual is guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 4 years, or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a peace officer of this state or another state, or of a local unit of government of this state or another state, or of the United States, performing his or her duties as a peace officer while on or off a scheduled work shift as a peace officer. As used in this subsection, "peace officer" means that term as defined in section 215.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to an individual who discharges a firearm in self-defense or the defense of another individual.


http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(0kwncu55xrjx2euqjg0saijq))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-750-234a&queryid=18956789&highlight=off%20AND%20road

Yetti
July 22nd, 2007, 08:48 PM
Incase you ever wondered which unit of government the Conservation officers stem from...



28.6a Conservation officers; appointment by commissioner as state police officers.

Sec. 6a.

The commissioner is hereby authorized, with the approval of the director of conservation and the governor, to appoint any conservation officer as a special state police officer, who shall be vested with the powers of an officer of the state police, and who shall in his capacity as special state police officer be under the direction of the commissioner.